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T-90

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The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993. The tank is a modern variation of the T-72B and incorporates many features found on the T-80U. Originally called the T-72BU, but later renamed to T-90, it is the most advanced tank in service with Russian Ground Forces and the Naval Infantry. The T-90 uses a 125 mm 2A46 smoothbore main gun, the 1A45T fire-control system, an uprated engine, and thermal sights. Standard protective measures include a blend of steel, composite armour, smoke dischargers, Kontakt-5 explosive-reactive armour, laser warning receivers, Nakidka camouflage and the Shtora infrared ATGM jamming system. The EMT-7 electromagnetic pulse (EMP) creator has been used in testing but not fitted to T-90s in active service. It was designed and built by Uralvagonzavod, in Nizhny Tagil, Russia. Since 2011, the Russian armed forces have ceased any further orders for the T-90, and are instead anticipating the development of the T-14 Armata that is expected to enter service in 2016.

Users[edit]

  • Algeria
    • Algerian People's National Army x 572 (with 340 more on order)
  • Armenia
    • Armenian Army
  • Azerbaijan
    • Azerbaijani Land Forces x 200
  • Cyprus
    • Cypriot National Guard x 42
  • India
    • Indian Army x 1,250
  • Iraq
    • Iraqi Army x 220 T-90S/SK
  • Kuwait
    • Kuwaiti Army x 146 T-90MS
  • Libya
    • Libyan Army x 150
  • Russia
    • Russian Army x 550
    • Russian Naval Infantry
  • Syria
    • Syrian Arab Army
  • Turkmenistan
    • Turkmen Ground Forces x 40
  • Uganda
    • Ugandan Land Forces x 44
  • Venezuela
    • Venezuelan Army x 100
  • Vietnam
    • Vietnam People's Army x 150+
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