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SPS Juan Carlos I (L61)

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SPS Juan Carlos I (L61) is a multi-purpose warship in the Spanish Navy (Armada Española). Similar in concept to the American Wasp-class amphibious assault ship, it has the addition of a ski jump for STOVL operations. The ship will be equipped with the AV-8B Harrier II attack aircraft and will primarily be used as an aircraft carrier. The vessel is named in honour of Juan Carlos I, the current King of Spain.

The design was also adapted to become Australia's Canberra-Class amphibious assault ships, the Canadian Vimy Ridge-class amphibious assault ships, and Turkey's TCG Anadolu.


  • Type: Amphibious Assault Ship
  • Service Period: 2010-Present
  • Characteristics:
    • Length: 757.3 feet (230.83 meters)
    • Beam: 105 feet (32 meters)
    • Draft: 23 feet (7.01 meters)
    • Displacement: 29,850 tons (27,079 tonnes)
  • Capacity: 913 soldiers + up to 46 Leopard 2 tanks
  • Crew: 415(243 ship crew and 172 air crew)
  • Propulsion: 1 x GE LM2500 gas turbine, 2 x MAN 16V32/40 diesel generators, 2 x 11 Mw Azimuth thrusters
  • Range: 9,000 nautical miles (16,668 kilometers) at 15 knots (27.78 km/h)
  • Speed: 21 knots (38.9 km/h)
  • Sensor Suite:
    • LANZA-N air search
    • ARIES surface search
    • PAR aircraft landing
  • Countermeasures:
  • Armament:
    • 4 x 20 mm guns
    • 4x 12.7 mm machine guns
  • Aircraft Carried: AV-8B Harrier II, F-35B Lightning II, SH-3 Sea King, CH-47 Chinook, NH90
  • Boats Carried: Four LCM-1E
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