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Russian Navy

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The Russian Navy (Russian: Военно-морской Флот Российской Федерации (ВМФ России), tr. Voyenno-morskoy Flot Rossiyskoy Federatsii (VMF Rossii), lit. Military-Maritime Fleet of the Russian Federation) is the naval arm of the Russian military. The present Russian Navy was formed in January 1992, succeeding the Navy of the Commonwealth of Independent States, which had itself succeeded the Soviet Navy following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991.

The first Russian Navy was established by Peter the Great (Peter I) in October 1696. Ascribed to Peter I is the oft quoted statement: "A ruler that has but an army has one hand, but he who has a navy has both." The symbols of the Russian Navy, the St. Andrew's flag and ensign (seen to the right), and most of its traditions were established personally by Peter I.

Neither Jane's Fighting Ships or the International Institute for Strategic Studies list any standard international designation of Russian naval vessels for Russian Navy vessels. In United States Navy photographs, they are sometimes referred to as RFS—"Russian Federation Ship"; however, the Russian Navy does not use this convention for itself.

The Russian Navy possesses the vast majority of the former Soviet naval forces, and currently comprises the Northern Fleet, the Russian Pacific Fleet, the Russian Black Sea Fleet, the Russian Baltic Fleet, the Russian Caspian Flotilla, Naval Aviation, and the Coastal Troops (consisting of the Naval Infantry and the Coastal Missile and Artillery Troops).

A recently approved rearmament program has placed the development of the navy on an equal footing with the strategic nuclear forces for the first time in Soviet and Russian history. The program, covering the period until 2015, is expected to see the replacement of 45% of the inventory of the Russian Navy. Out of 4.9 trillion rubles ($192.16 billion) allocated for military rearmament, 25% will go into building new ships. "We are already building practically as many ships as we did in Soviet times," First Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov said during a visit to Severodvinsk in July 2007, "The problem now is not lack of money, but how to optimize production so that the navy can get new ships three, not five, years after laying them down."

The Russian Navy has suffered severely since the dissolution of the Soviet Union due to insufficient maintenance, lack of funding and thereby training of personnel and timely replacement of equipments. Another setback is attributed to Russia's domestic shipbuilding industry which is reported to have been in decline as to their capabilities of constructing contemporary hardware efficiently. Some analysts even say that because of this Russia's naval capabilities have been facing a slow but certain "irreversible collapse" But other analysts say that because of the recent rise in mineral prices (Key to Russia's economy) have enabled a sort of 'Renaissance of the Russian Navy' due to increased available funds, allowing Russia to begin 'developing the capacity to once again become a maritime threat to Western naval power'.


Force Structure[edit]

Basic Information[edit]

  • Active Personnel: 133,000
  • Reserve Personnel:
  • Number of Ships: 176
  • Number of Fixed Wing Aircraft:
  • Number of Helicopters:
  • Number of Bases: 10 (Astrakhan, Baltiysk, Kronshtadt, Makhachkala, Murmansk, Novorossiysk, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, Sevastopol, Severomorsk, Vladivostok)
  • Current Commander: Admiral Victor Chirkov

List of Ships[edit]

  • Admiral Kuznetsov-class Aircraft Carrier (1) - 1991
  • Ulyanovsk-class Aircraft Carrier (1) - 1997
  • Dyugon-class Landing Craft (5) - 2010
    • RFK Ataman Platov
    • RFK Ivan Kartsov
    • RFK Denis Davydov
    • RFK Leytenant Rimskiy
    • RFK Michman Lermontov
  • Ivan Gren-class Tank Landing Ship (2, 4 UC) - 2014
    • RFK Ivan Gren
    • RFK Petr Morgunov
  • Vladivostok-class (Mistral class) Amphibious Assault Ship (2) - 2016
    • RFK Vladivostok
    • RFK Sevastopol
  • Kirov-class Battlecruiser (5) - 1980
    • RFK Admiral Ushakov - formerly Kirov, currently being overhauled for reactivation
    • RFK Admiral Lazarev (050) - formerly Frunze, currently being overhauled for reactivation
    • RFK Admiral Nakhimov (085) - formerly Kalinin, currently being overhauled for reactivation
    • RFK Pyotr Velikiy (099) - formerly Yuri Andropov, currently active in the Russian Navy
    • RFK Dzerzhinsky (100) - currently being overhauled as part of its midlife refit
  • Slava-class Guided Missile Cruiser (6) - 1982
    • RFK Moskva
    • RFK Marshal Ustinov
    • RFK Varyag
    • RFK Admiral Flota Lobov
    • RFK Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya
    • RFK Rossiya
  • Sovremenny-class Destroyer (22) - 1980
    • RFK Sovremennyy
    • RFK Otchayanny
    • RFK Otlichnyy
    • RFK Osmotritelnyy
    • RFK Bezuprechnyy
    • RFK Boyevoy
    • RFK Stoykiy
    • RFK Okrylennyy
    • RFK Burnyy
    • RFK Bystryy
    • RFK Rastoropnyy
    • RFK Bezboyaznennyy
    • RFK Gremyashchiy
    • RFK Bezuderzhnyy
    • RFK Bespokoynyy
    • RFK Nastoychivyy
    • RFK Besstrashnyy
    • RFK Buynyy
    • RFK Vechnyy
    • RFK Vnushitelnyy
    • RFK Vazhnyy
    • RFK Vdumchivyy
  • Udaloy-class Guided Missile Destroyer (15) - 1980
    • RFK Udaloy
    • RFK Vice Admiral Kulakov
    • RFK Marshal Vasilyevsky
    • RFK Admiral Zakharov
    • RFK Admiral Spiridonov
    • RFK Admiral Tributs
    • RFK Marshal Shaposhnikov
    • RFK Severomorsk
    • RFK Admiral Levchenko
    • RFK Admiral Vinogradov
    • RFK Admiral Kharlamov
    • RFK Admiral Panteleyev
    • RFK Admiral Chabanenko
    • RFK Admiral Basisty
    • RFK Admiral Kucherov
  • Neustrashimyy-class Frigate (5) - 1993
    • RFK Neustrashimyy
    • RFK Nepristupny
    • RFK Yaroslav Mudry
    • RFK Tuman
    • RFK Nepokornyi
  • Gepard-class Frigate (5) - 2003
    • RFK Yastreb
    • RFK Albatros
    • RFK Burevestnik
    • RFK Tatarstan
    • RFK Dagestan
  • Novik-class Frigate (3) - 2006
    • RFK Novik
    • RFK Rurik
    • RFK Peresvet
  • Admiral Gorshkov-class Frigate (5 UC) -2013
    • RFK Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Gorshkov
    • RFK Fleet Admiral Kasatonov
    • RFK Admiral Golovko
    • RFK Admiral Yumashev
    • RFK Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Isakov
  • Admiral Grigorovich-class Guided Frigate (6 UC) - 2013
    • RFK Admiral Grigorovich
    • RFK Admiral Essen
    • RFK Admiral Makarov
    • RFK Admiral Butakov
    • RFK Admiral Istomin
    • RFK Admiral Kornilov
  • Buyan-class Corvette (6, 7 UC) - 2006
    • RFK Astrakhan
    • RFK Kaspiysk
    • RFK Volgodonsk
    • RFK Mahachkala
    • RFK Grad Sviyazhsk
    • RFK Uglich
    • RFK Veliki Ustyug
    • RFK Zeleni Dol
    • RFK Serpuhov
    • RFK Vyshny Volochek
    • RFK Orehovo-Zyevo
    • RFK Ingushetiya
    • RFK Grayvoron
  • Steregushchy-class Corvette (3, 6 UC) - 2007
    • RFK Steregushchy (530)
    • RFK Soobrazitelnyy (531)
    • RFK Boikiy (532)
    • RFK Sovershennyy (533)
    • RFK Stoikiy (534)
    • RFK Gromkiy (535) - under construction
    • RFK Retiviy - under construction
    • RFK Strogiy - under construction
    • RFK Aldar Tsydenzhapov - under construction
    • RFK Rezkiy - under construction
  • Gremyashchy-class Corvette (2) - 2015
    • RFK Gremyashchy - under construction
    • RFK Provornyy - planned for construction
  • Karakurt-class Corvette (5 UC) - 2017
    • RFK Uragan - under construction
    • RFK Tayfun - under construction
    • RFK Shtorm - under construction
    • RFK Shkval - under construction
    • RFK Burya - under construction
  • Derzky-class Corvette (1 UC, 9 planned) - 2021
    • RFK Derzky - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
  • Delta III-class Nuclear Ballistic Missile Submarine (4) - 1976
    • RFK Podolsk (K-223)
    • RFK Svyatoy Georgiy Pobedonosets (K-433)
    • RFK Orenburg (BS-136)
    • RFK Ryazan (K-44)
  • Kilo I-class Hunter Killer Submarine (22) - 1980
    • RFK B-248
    • RFK Chita
    • RFK Vyborg
    • RFK B-229
    • RFK B-404
    • RFK Novosibirsk
    • RFK Vologda
    • RFK B-806
    • RFK B-439
    • RFK Komsomolsk-on-Amur
    • RFK Kaluga
    • RFK Svyatoi Nikolai Chudotvorets
    • RFK Yaroslavl
    • RFK Ust'-Kamchatsk
    • RFK Vladikavkaz
    • RFK Alrosa
    • RFK Magnitogorsk
    • RFK Ust'-Bolsheretsk
    • RFK B-187
    • RFK Lipetsk
    • RFK Krasnokamensk
    • RFK Mogocha
  • Komsomolets-class Nuclear Attack Submarine (1) - 1983
  • Delta IV-class Nuclear Ballistic Missile Submarine (7) - 1984
    • RFK Verkhoturye (K-51)
    • RFK Ekaterinburg (K-84)
    • RFK Podmoskovye (K-64)
    • RFK Tula (K-114)
    • RFK Bryansk (K-117)
    • RFK Karelia (K-18)
    • RFK Novomoskovsk (K-407)
  • 'Akula I-class Nuclear Attack Submarine (12) - 1984
    • RFK Akula (K-284)
    • RFK Delfin (K-263)
    • RFK Kashalot (K-322)
    • RFK Ak Bars (K-480)
    • RFK Bratsk (K-391)
    • RFK Pantera (K-317)
    • RFK Madagon (K-331)
    • RFK Volk (K-461)
    • RFK Leopard (K-328)
    • RFK Kuzbass (K-419)
    • RFK Tigr (K-154)
    • RFK Iribis (K-224)
  • Oscar II-class Nuclear Cruise Missile Submarine (14) - 1986
    • RFK Krasnodar (K-148)
    • RFK Krasnoyarsk (K-173)
    • RFK Irkutsk (K-132)
    • RFK Voronezh (K-119)
    • RFK Smolensk (K-410)
    • RFK Chelyabinsk (K-442)
    • RFK Tver (K-456)
    • RFK Orel (K-266)
    • RFK Kursk (K-141)
    • RFK Omsk (K-186)
    • RFK Tomsk (K-150)
    • RFK Belgorod (K-139)
    • RFK Volgograd (K-135)
    • RFK Barnaul (K-165)
  • Sierra I-class Nuclear Attack Submarine (3) - 1984
    • RFK Carp (K-239)
    • RFK Krab (K-258)
    • RFK Kostroma (K-276)
  • Victor III-class Nuclear Attack Submarine (4) - 1987
    • RFK Petrozavodsk (B-388)
    • RFK Obninsk (B-138)
    • RFK Daniil Moskovskiy (B-414)
    • RFK Tambov (B-448)
  • Sierra II-class Nuclear Attack Submarine (3) - 1990
    • RFK Nizhniy Novgorod (K-534)
    • RFK Zubatka (K-435)
    • RFK Pskov (K-336)
  • Akula II-class Nuclear Attack Submarine (5) - 1995
    • RFK Samara (K-295)
    • RFK Vepr (K-157)
    • RFK Kuguar (K-337)
    • RFK Rys (K-182)
    • RFK Nerpal (K-152)
  • Sierra III-class Nuclear Attack Submarine (2) - 1996
    • RFK Mars (K-536)
    • RFK Okun ((K-123)
  • Akula III-class Nuclear Attack Submarine (2) - 2001
    • RFK Gepard (K-335)
    • RFK Narval (K-350)
  • Losharik-class Submaine (1) - 2003
    • RFK Losharik
  • Sarov-class Experimental Submarine (1) - 2008
    • RFK Sarov (B-90)
  • Lada-class Hunter Killer Submarine (1, 2 UC) - 2010
    • RFK Sankt Petersburg (B-585)
    • RFK Kronshtadt (B-586) - under construction
    • RFK Velikiye Luki (B-587) - under construction
  • Borei-class Nuclear Ballistic Missile Submarine (3, 5 UC) - 2013
    • RFK Yuriy Dolgorukiy (K-535)
    • RFK Aleksandr Nevskiy (K-550)
    • RFK Vladimir Monomakh - on sea trials
    • RFK Knyaz Vladimir - under construction
    • RFK Knyaz Oleg - under construction
    • RFK Aleksandr Suvorov - under construction
    • RFK Mikhail Kutuzov - under construction
    • RFK Svyatitel Nikolay - planned for construction
    • RFK Imperator Aleksandr III - planned for construction
    • RFK Knyaz Pozharskiy - planned for construction
  • Yasen-class Nuclear Attack Submarine (1, 5 UC, 6 planned) - 2013
    • RFK Severodvinsk (K-560)
    • RFK Kazan (K-561) - fitting out
    • RFK Novosibirsk (K-573) - under construction
    • RFK Krasnoyarsk (K-571) - under construction
    • RFK Arhangelsk - under construction
    • RFK Perm - under construction
    • RFK Kasatka - planned for construction
    • RFK Vilyuchinsk - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
  • Kilo II-class Hunter-Killer Submarine (6, 2 UC) - 2014
    • RFK Novorossiysk (B-261)
    • RFK Rostov-on-Don (B-237)
    • RFK Stary Oskol (B-262)
    • RFK Krasnodar (B-265)
    • RFK Veliky Novgorod (B-268)
    • RFK Kolpino (B-271)
    • RFK Mozhaisk - planned for construction
    • RFK Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky - planned for construction
  • Khabarovsk-class Nuclear Submarine (1 UC) - 201X
    • RFK Khabarovsk - under construction
  • Balzam-class Intelligence Ship (4) - 1980
    • RFK Lira
    • RFK Aziya
    • RFK Pribaltika
    • RFK Belomor’ye
  • Marshal Nedelin-class Missile Range Instrumentation Ship (3) - 1983
    • RFK Marshal Nedelin
    • RFK Marshal Krylov
    • RFK Marshal Biryuzov
  • Vishnya-class Intelligence Ship (7) - 1985
    • RFK Fedor Golovin
    • RFK Kurily
    • RFK Tavriya
    • RFK Kareliya
    • RFK Priazovye
    • RFK Victor Leonov
    • RFK Vasiliy Tatishchev
  • Kamchatka-class Intelligence Ship (2) - 1986
    • RFK Kamchatka
    • RFK Pridneprovye
  • Ural-class Intelligence Ship (1) - 1988
    • RFK Ural
  • Povolzh`ye-class Submarine Search Ship (1) - 1999
    • RFK Povolzh`ye
  • Yury Ivanov-class Intelligence Ship (1, 1 UC) - 2014
    • RFK Yuriy Ivanov
    • RFK Ivan Khurs - under construction
  • Olemka-class Medium Replenishment Vessel (2) - 1964
    • RFK Olemka
    • RFK Iman
  • Project 160 Altay-class Medium Replenishment Vessel (6) - 1967
    • RFK Kola
    • RFK Elnya
    • RFK Egolyk
    • RFK Izhora
    • RFK Prut
    • RFK Ilim
  • Boris Chilikin-class Replenishment Oiler (6) - 1970
    • RFK Boris Chilikin
    • RFK Vladimir Kolechitskiy
    • RFK Sergey Osipov
    • RFK Ivan Bubnov
    • RFK Genrih Gasanov
    • RFK Boris Butoma
  • Amga-class Ammunition Transport (3) - 1972
    • RFK Amga
    • RFK Vetluga
    • RFK Daugava
  • Ivan Susanin-class Icebreaker (8) - 1973
    • RFK Ivan Susanin
    • RFK Aysberg
    • RFK Ruslan
    • RFK Dneper
    • RFK Neva
    • RFK Volga
    • RFK Murmansk
  • Dubna-class Tanker (4) - 1974
    • RFK Dubna
    • RFK Irkut
    • RFK Pechenga
    • RFK Sventa
  • Berezina-class Replenishment Vessel (1) - 1977
    • RFK Berezina
  • Argun-class Tanker (2) - 1982
    • RFK Argun
    • RFK Vyazma
  • Alexandr Brykin-class Ammunition Transport (1) - 1986
    • RFK Alexandr Brykin
  • Vladimir Peregudov-class Tanker (3) - 1996
    • RFK Vladimir Peregudov
    • RFK Petr Schmidt
    • RFK Grigoriy Nesterenko
  • Project 20360 Dubnyak (1, 3 UC) - 2010
    • RFK VTR-79
    • RFK VTR-XX - under construction
    • RFK VTR-XX - under construction
    • RFK VTR-XX - under construction
  • Purga-class Icebreaker (2) - 2010
    • RFK PS-824
    • RFK PS-825
  • Project 21130 Diskant Ammunition Transport (1) - 2011
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
  • Igor Belousov-class Salvage Ship (1) - 2015
  • RFK Igor Belousov
  • Yantar-class Hydrographic Research Vessel (2) - 2015
    • RFK Yantar
    • RFK Almaz
  • Akademik Pashin-class Tanker (1) - 2016
    • RFK Akademik Pashin
  • Elbrus-class Oceangoing Tug (3) - 2016
    • RFK Elbrus
    • RFK Vsevolod Bobrov
    • RFK Kapitan Shevchenko
  • Sergey Balk-class Seagoing Tug (1, 1 UC, 3 planned) - 2016
    • RFK Sergey Balk
    • RFK Andrey Stepanov - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
  • Project 23040 Hydrographic Survey Vessel (6 UC) - 2017
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
  • Ilya Muromec-class Icebreaker (1 UC) - 2017
    • RFK Ilya Muromec - fitting out
  • Mikhail Barskov-class Small Tanker (4 UC) - 2017
    • RFK Mikhail Barskov - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
    • RFK Vice-admiral Paromov - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
  • Akademic Ageev-class Hydrographic Survey Vessel (1 UC) - 201X
    • RFK Akademic Ageev
  • Project 23131 Tanker (2 UC) - 201X
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
  • Project 23380 Floating Drydock (1 UC) - 20XX
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
  • Gorya-class Minesweeper (2) - 1988
    • RFK Zheleznyakov
    • RFK Vladimir Gumanenko
  • Alexandrit-class Minesweeper (1, 2 UC, 17 planned) - 2015
    • RFK Aleksandr Obukhov
    • RFK Georgiy Kurbatov - under construction
    • RFK Ivan Antonov - under construction
    • RFK Vladimir Emelyanov - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
    • RFK Unnamed - planned for construction
  • Rubin-class Patrol Boat (9, 5 UC) - 2009
    • RFK Rubin
    • RFK Brilliant
    • RFK Zhemchug
    • RFK Izumrud
    • RFK Ametist
    • RFK Saphir
    • RFK Korall
    • RFK Provorny
    • RFK Nadezhnyy
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
  • Purga-class Patrol Vessel (3) - 2010
    • RFK PS-824 (050)
    • RFK PS-825 (051)
    • RFK PS-826 (052)
  • Okean-class Patrol Vessel (1, 2 UC) - 2016
    • RFK Polyarnaya zvezda
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
  • Vasily Bykov-class Patrol Vessel (6 UC) - 2017
    • RFK Vasily Bykov - under construction
    • RFK Dmitriy Rogachev - under construction
    • RFK Pavel Derzhavin - under construction
    • RFK Sergey Kotov - under construction
    • RFK Viktor Velikyy - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed - under construction
  • Ice-class Patrol Vessel (2 planned) - 2020
    • RFK Ivan Papanin - under construction
    • RFK Unnamed
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