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People's Liberation Army Navy

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The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN or PLA Navy) is the naval warfare branch of the People's Liberation Army, the national armed forces of the People's Republic of China. The PLAN can trace its lineage to naval units fighting during the Chinese Civil War and was established during the September, 1950. Throughout the 1950s and early 1960s the Soviet Union provided assistance to the PLAN in the form of naval advisers and export of equipment and technology. Until the late 1980s, the PLAN was largely a riverine and littoral force (brown-water navy). However by the 1990s, following the fall of the Soviet Union and a shift towards more out-looking attitudes, leaders were freed from worrying over land border disputes, and instead turned its attention towards the seas. This led to the development of the People's Liberation Army Navy into the green-water navy it is today. Before the 1990s the PLAN had traditionally played a subordinate role to the People's Liberation Army Ground Force.

In 2008, General Qian Lihua confirmed that China plans to operate a small fleet of aircraft carriers in the near future, but for the purpose of regional defence as opposed to "global reach". As of 2013 PLA officials have also outlined plans to operate in the first and second island chains. Chinese strategists term the development of the PLAN from a green-water navy into "a regional blue-water defensive and offensive navy."

The People's Liberation Army Navy is composed of five branches; the People's Liberation Army Navy Submarine Force, the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force, the People's Liberation Army Navy Coastal Defense Force, the People's Liberation Army Marine Corps and the People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force. With a personnel strength of 290,000 servicemen and women, including 12,000 marines and 35,000 naval air force personnel, it is the second largest navy in the world, behind only the United States Navy. PLAN assets include one aircraft carrier, three amphibious transport docks, 26 destroyers, 45 frigates, 62 submarines (of which 11 are nuclear-powered), eight corvettes, 122 missile boats, 231 patrol vessels, 107 mine countermeasures vessels, five replenishment oilers and a large fleet of smaller auxiliary vessels.

List of Active Vessels[edit]

  • Type 001 Liaoning-class (Admiral Kuznetsov class) Aircraft Carier (1) - 2012
  • Type 001A Shandong-class (Modified Admiral Kuznetsov class) Aircraft Carier (1 UC) - 2019
  • Type 002 Hainan-class Aircraft Carrier (1 UC, 1 planned) - 2023
    • PLANS Hainan (18) - under construction
    • PLANS Guangdong (19) - planned for construction
  • Type 072-class Landing Ship (3) - 1978
    • PLANS Yuntai Shan (927)
    • PLANS Wufeng Shan (928)
    • PLANS Zijin Shan (929)
  • Type 073IIY-class Landing Ship (2) - 1985
    • PLANS Unnamed (937)
    • PLANS Unnamed (938)
  • Type 073III-class Landing Ship (1) - 1991
    • PLANS Unnamed (990)
  • Type 072III-class Dock Landing Ship (10) - 1992
    • PLANS Emei Shan (991)
    • PLANS Danxia Shan (934)
    • PLANS Xuefeng Shan (935)
    • PLANS Haiyang Shan (936)
    • PLANS Qingcheng Shan (937)
    • PLANS Yandang Shan (908)
    • PLANS Jiuhua Shan (909)
    • PLANS Putuo Shan (939)
    • PLANS Huanggang Shan (910)
    • PLANS Tiantai Shan (940)
  • Type 072II-class Landing Ship (4) - 1993
    • PLANS Lingyan Shan (930)
    • PLANS Dongting Shan (931)
    • PLANS Helan Shan (932)
    • PLANS Liupan Shan (933)
  • Type 073A-clas Landing Ship (10) - 2000
    • PLANS Shengzhou Hill (941)
    • PLANS Lushan (942)
    • PLANS Monsanto (943)
    • PLANS Yushan (944)
    • PLANS Huashan (945)
    • PLANS Songshan (946)
    • PLANS Unnamed (947)
    • PLANS Unnamed (948)
    • PLANS Taishan (949)
  • Type 072A-class Dock Landing Ship (15) - 2003
    • PLANS Tianzhu Shan (911)
    • PLANS Daqing Shan (912)
    • PLANS Baxian Shan (913)
    • PLANS Huading Shan (992)
    • PLANS Luoxiao Shan (993)
    • PLANS Daiyun Shan (994)
    • PLANS Wanyan Shan (995)
    • PLANS Laotie Shan (996)
    • PLANS Lvhua Shan (997)
    • PLANS Dabie Shan (981)
    • PLANS Taihang Shan (982)
    • PLANS Tianmu Shan (913)
    • PLANS Wuyi Shan (914)
    • PLANS Culai Shan (915)
    • PLANS Wutai Shan (916)
  • Type 071 Yuzhao-class Amphibious Transport Dock (3) - 2007
    • PLANS Kunlun Shan (998)
    • PLANS Jinggang Shann (999)
    • PLANS Yimeng Shan (988)
    • PLANS Changbai Shan (989)
    • PLANS Tanggula Shan (978)
    • PLANS Tai Shan (979)
  • Type 075 Amphibious Assault Ship (1 UC) - 2020
    • PLANS Unnamed
  • Type 051 Destroyer (6) - 1971
    • PLANS Kaifeng (109)
    • PLANS Dalian (110)
    • PLANS Zunyi (134)
    • PLANS Guilin (164)
    • PLANS Zhanjiang (165)
    • PLANS Zhuhai (166)
  • Type 052 Destroyer (2) - 1994
    • PLANS Harbin (112)
    • PLANS Qingdao (113)
  • Type 051B Destroyer (1) - 1998
    • PLANS Shenzhen (167)
  • Sovremenny-class Destroyer (4) - 1999
    • PLANS Hangzhou (136)
    • PLANS Fuzhou (137)
    • PLANS Taizhou (138)
    • PLANS Ningbo (139)
  • Type 052B Destroyer (2) - 2004
    • PLANS Guangzhou (168)
    • PLANS Wuhan (169)
  • Type 052C Destroyer (6) - 2004
    • PLANS Lanzhou (170)
    • PLANS Haikou (171)
    • PLANS Changchun (150)
    • PLANS Zhengzhou (151)
    • PLANS Jinan (152)
    • PLANS Xi'an (153)
  • Type 051C Destroyer (2) - 2006
    • PLANS Shenyang (115)
    • PLANS Shijiazhuang (116)
  • Type 052D Destroyer (9, 5 UC, 14 planned) - 2014
    • PLANS Kunming (172)
    • PLANS Changsha (173)
    • PLANS Hefei (174)
    • PLANS Yinchuan (175)
    • PLANS Xining (117)
    • PLANS Urumqi (118) - sea trials
    • PLANS Xiamen (154) - sea trials
    • PLANS Guiyang (119) - sea trials
    • PLANS Nanjing (155) - sea trials
    • PLANS Taiyuan (156) - fitting out
    • PLANS Chengdu (120) - fitting out
    • PLANS Nanning (157) - fitting out
    • PLANS Qiqihar (121) - under construction
    • PLANS Unnamed (176) - under construction
  • Type 055 Renhai-class Destroyer (4 UC, 4 planned) - 2020
    • PLANS Nanchang - fitting out
    • PLANS Unnamed - under construction
    • PLANS Unnamed - under construction
    • PLANS Unnamed - under construction
  • Type 053H2G Frigate (4) - 1992
    • PLANS Anqing (539)
    • PLANS Huainan (540)
    • PLANS Huaibei (541)
    • PLANS Tongling (542)
  • Type 053H3 Frigate (10) - 1998
    • PLANS Jiaxing (521)
    • PLANS Lianyungang (522)
    • PLANS Putian (523)
    • PLANS Sanming (524)
    • PLANS Luoyang (527)
    • PLANS Mianyang (528)
    • PLANS Yichang (564)
    • PLANS Sanya (565)
    • PLANS Yuxi (566)
    • PLANS Xiangtan (567)
  • Type 054 Frigate (2) - 2005
    • PLANS Ma'anshan (525)
    • PLANS Wenzhou (526)
  • Type 054A Frigate (25, 5 UC) - 2008
    • PLANS Zhoushan (FFG-529)
    • PLANS Xuzhou (FFG-530)
    • PLANS Hengyang (FFG-568)
    • PLANS Huangshan (FFG-570)
    • PLANS Yulin (FFG-569)
    • PLANS Yuncheng (FFG-571)
    • PLANS Yiyang (FFG-548)
    • PLANS Changzhou (FFG-549)
    • PLANS Yantai (FFG-538)
    • PLANS Yancheng (FFG-546)
    • PLANS Hengshui (FFG-572)
    • PLANS Liuzhou (FFG-573)
    • PLANS Linyi (FFG-547)
    • PLANS Weifang (FFG-550)
    • PLANS Sanya (FFG-574)
    • PLANS Yueyang (FFG-575)
    • PLANS Daqing (FFG-576)
    • PLANS Huanggang (FFG-577)
    • PLANS Yangzhou (FFG-578)
    • PLANS Handan (FFG-579)
    • PLANS Jingzhou (FFG-532)
    • PLANS Xiangtan (FFG-531)
    • PLANS Binzhou (FFG-515)
    • PLANS Xuchang (FFG-536)
    • PLANS Wuhu (FFG-539)
    • PLANS Rizhao (FFG-598) - fitting out
    • PLANS Anyang (FFG-599) - fitting out
    • PLANS Xianning (FFG-500) - fitting out
    • PLANS Unnamed - under construction
    • PLANS Unnamed - under construction
  • Type 056 Corvette (22) - 2013
    • PLANS Bengbu (582)
    • PLANS Huizhou (596)
    • PLANS Meizhou (584)
    • PLANS Datong (580)
    • PLANS Shangrao (583)
    • PLANS Qinzhou (597)
    • PLANS Baize (585)
    • PLANS Yingkou (581)
    • PLANS Jieyang (587)
    • PLANS Ji'an (586)
    • PLANS Qingyuan (589)
    • PLANS Quanzhou (588)
    • PLANS Luzhou (592)
    • PLANS Weihai (590)
    • PLANS Fu Shu (591)
    • PLANS Chaozhou (595)
    • PLANS Xinyang (501)
    • PLANS Suzhou (503)
    • PLANS Huaian (509)
    • PLANS Baoding (510)
    • PLANS Heze (512)
    • PLANS Ningde (511)
  • Type 056A Corvette (22) - 2014
    • PLANS Zhuzhou (594)
    • PLANS Sanmenxia (593)
    • PLANS Suqian (504)
    • PLANS Huangshi (502)
    • PLANS Qinhuangdao (505)
    • PLANS Jingmen (506)
    • PLANS Tongren (507)
    • PLANS Qujing (508)
    • PLANS Ezhou (513)
    • PLANS Liupanshui (514)
    • PLANS Yiwu (518)
    • PLANS Xuancheng (535)
    • PLANS Hanzhong (520)
    • PLANS Yichun (556)
    • PLANS Zhangye (540)
    • PLANS Nanchong (541)
    • PLANS Guangyuan (552)
    • PLANS Suining (551)
    • PLANS Xuancheng (535)
    • PLANS Zhangye (540)
    • PLANS Liaocheng (557)
    • PLANS Deyang (554)
  • Type 037-II Missile Boat (6) - 1991
    • PLANS Yangjiang (770)
    • PLANS Shunde (771)
    • PLANS Nanhai (772)
    • PLANS Panyu (773)
    • PLANS Lianjiang (774)
    • PLANS Xinhui (775)
  • Type 091 Han-class Nuclear Attack Submarine (3) - 1974
    • PLANS Changzheng 3 (403)
    • PLANS Changzheng 4 (404)
    • PLANS Changzheng 5 (405)
  • Type 092 Xia-class Nuclear Ballistic Missile Submarine (2) - 1981
    • PLANS Changzheng 6 (406)
  • Kilo I-class Submarine (2) - 1994
    • PLANS Yuan Zheng 64 Hao (364)
    • PLANS Yuan Zheng 65 Hao (365)
  • Kilo II-class Hunter-Killer Submarine (10) - 1997
    • PLANS Yuan Zheng 66 Hao (366)
    • PLANS Yuan Zheng 67 Hao (367)
    • PLANS Yuan Zheng 68 Hao (368)
    • PLANS Yuan Zheng 69 Hao (369)
    • PLANS Yuan Zheng 70 Hao (370)
    • PLANS Yuan Zheng 71 Hao (371)
    • PLANS Yuan Zheng 72 Hao (372)
    • PLANS Yuan Zheng 73 Hao (373)
    • PLANS Yuan Zheng 74 Hao (374)
    • PLANS Yuan Zheng 75 Hao (375)
  • Type 039 Song-class Hunter-Killer Submarine (16) - 1998
    • PLANS 314
    • PLANS 315
    • PLANS 316
    • PLANS 317
    • PLANS 318
    • PLANS 319
    • PLANS 320
    • PLANS 321
    • PLANS 322
    • PLANS 323
    • PLANS 324
    • PLANS 325
    • PLANS 326
    • PLANS 327
    • PLANS 328
    • PLANS 329
  • Type 039A Yuan-class Hunter-Killer Submarine (15, 5 UC) - 2006
    • PLANS 330
    • PLANS 331
    • PLANS 332
    • PLANS 333
    • PLANS 334
    • PLANS 335
    • PLANS 336
    • PLANS 337
    • PLANS 338
    • PLANS 339
    • PLANS 340
    • PLANS 341
    • PLANS 342
    • PLANS 343
    • PLANS 344
    • PLANS 345
    • PLANS 346
    • PLANS 347
    • PLANS 348
    • PLANS 349
  • Type 093 Shang-class Nuclear Attack Submarine (8) - 2006
    • PLANS Changzheng 07 (407)
    • PLANS Changzheng 08 (408)
    • PLANS Changzheng 13 (413)
    • PLANS Changzheng 14 (414)
    • PLANS Changzheng 15 (415)
    • PLANS Changzheng 16 (416)
    • PLANS Changzheng 17 (417)
    • PLANS Changzheng 18 (418)
  • Type 094 Jin-class Nuclear Ballistic Missile Submarine (8) - 2007
    • PLANS Changzheng 09 (409)
    • PLANS Changzheng 10 (410)
    • PLANS Changzheng 11 (411)
    • PLANS Changzheng 12 (412)
    • PLANS Changzheng 19 (419)
    • PLANS Changzheng 20 (420)
    • PLANS Changzheng 21 (421)
    • PLANS Changzheng 22 (422)
  • Type 032 Qing-class Nuclear Ballistic Missile Submarine (1) - 2012
    • PLANS 201
  • Type 095 Sui-class Nuclear Attack Submarine (2, 4 UC, 6 planned) – 2015
    • PLANS Changzheng 23 (423)
    • PLANS Changzheng 24 (424)
    • PLANS Changzheng 25 (425) – under construction
    • PLANS Changzheng 26 (426) – under construction
    • PLANS Changzheng 27 (427) – under construction
    • PLANS Changzheng 28 (428) – under construction
    • PLANS Changzheng 29 (429) – planned for construction
    • PLANS Changzheng 30 (430) – planned for construction
    • PLANS Changzheng 31 (431) – planned for construction
    • PLANS Changzheng 32 (432) – planned for construction
    • PLANS Changzheng 32 (433) – planned for construction
    • PLANS Changzheng 34 (434) – planned for construction
  • Type 925 Submarine Tender (4) - 1979
    • PLANS Changxingdao (121)
    • PLANS Chongmingdao (302)
    • PLANS Yongxingdao (506)
    • PLANS Yongxingdao (863)
  • Type 905 Replenishment Vessel (2) - 1980
    • PLANS Hongzehu (881)
    • PLANS Poyanghu (882)
  • Type 904 Dive Tender (2) - 1981
    • PLANS Kan-Cha I
    • PLANS Kan-Cha II
  • Type 210 Icebreaker (1) - 1982
    • PLANS Haibing 723
  • Type 814A Spy Ship (1) - 1986
    • PLANS Bei-Diao (900)
  • Type 904 General Stores Ship (2) - 1992
    • PLANS Yangcheng Lake (883)
    • PLANS Jingpo Lake (884)
  • Type 908 Replenishment Vessel (1) - 1996
    • PLANS Qinghaihu (885)
  • Type 815 Spy Ship (1) - 1999
    • PLANS Beijixing (851)
  • Type 903 Replenishment Vessel (2) - 2004
    • PLANS Qiandaohu (886)
    • PLANS Weishanhu (887)
  • Type 904A General Stores Ship (1) - 2007
    • PLANS Fuxian Lake (888)
  • Type 920 Hospital Ship (1) - 2008
    • PLANS Daishan Island (866)
  • Type 926 Submarine Support Ship (3) - 2010
    • PLANS Oceanic Island (864)
    • PLANS Liugong Island (865)
    • PLANS Long Island (867)
  • Type 815A Spy Ship (5) - 2010
    • PLANS Tianwangxing (853)
    • PLANS Tianlangxing (854)
    • PLANS Tianshuxing (855)
    • PLANS Haiwangxing (852)
    • PLANS Kaiyangxing (856)
    • PLANS Unnamed (857)
  • Type 903A Replenishment Vessel (6) - 2013
    • PLANS Taihu (889)
    • PLANS Chaohu (890)
    • PLANS Dongpinghu (860)
    • PLANS Gaoyouhu (966)
    • PLANS Honghu (963)
    • PLANS Luomahu (964)
  • Type 904B General Stores Vessel (2, 1 UC) - 2015
    • PLANS Junshanhu (961)
    • PLANS Luguhu (962)
    • PLANS Unnamed (965)
  • Type 272 Icebreaker (2) - 2016
    • PLANS Haibing 722
    • PLANS Haibing 723
  • Type 901 Fast Combat Support Ship (2 UC) - 201X
    • PLANS Hulun Lake - under construction
    • PLANS Bell Lake - under construction
  • Type 081 Mine Countermeasures Vessel (4) - 2007
    • PLANS Zhangjiagang (805)
    • PLANS Jingjiang (810)
    • PLANS Liuyang (839)
    • PLANS Luxi (840)
  • Type 081A Mine Countermeasures Vessel (6) - 2012
    • PLANS Xiaoyi (841)
    • PLANS Taishan (842)
    • PLANS Changshu (843)
    • PLANS Heshan (844)
    • PLANS Qingzhou (845)
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