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People's Liberation Army Navy

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The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN or PLA Navy) is the naval warfare branch of the People's Liberation Army, the national armed forces of the People's Republic of China. The PLAN can trace its lineage to naval units fighting during the Chinese Civil War and was established during the September, 1950. Throughout the 1950s and early 1960s the Soviet Union provided assistance to the PLAN in the form of naval advisers and export of equipment and technology. Until the late 1980s, the PLAN was largely a riverine and littoral force (brown-water navy). However by the 1990s, following the fall of the Soviet Union and a shift towards more out-looking attitudes, leaders were freed from worrying over land border disputes, and instead turned its attention towards the seas. This led to the development of the People's Liberation Army Navy into the green-water navy it is today. Before the 1990s the PLAN had traditionally played a subordinate role to the People's Liberation Army Ground Force.

In 2008, General Qian Lihua confirmed that China plans to operate a small fleet of aircraft carriers in the near future, but for the purpose of regional defence as opposed to "global reach". As of 2013 PLA officials have also outlined plans to operate in the first and second island chains. Chinese strategists term the development of the PLAN from a green-water navy into "a regional blue-water defensive and offensive navy."

The People's Liberation Army Navy is composed of five branches; the People's Liberation Army Navy Submarine Force, the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force, the People's Liberation Army Navy Coastal Defense Force, the People's Liberation Army Marine Corps and the People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force. With a personnel strength of 290,000 servicemen and women, including 12,000 marines and 35,000 naval air force personnel, it is the second largest navy in the world, behind only the United States Navy. PLAN assets include one aircraft carrier, three amphibious transport docks, 26 destroyers, 45 frigates, 62 submarines (of which 11 are nuclear-powered), eight corvettes, 122 missile boats, 231 patrol vessels, 107 mine countermeasures vessels, five replenishment oilers and a large fleet of smaller auxiliary vessels.

List of Active Vessels[edit]

  • Type 001 Liaoning-class (Admiral Kuznetsov class) Aircraft Carier (1) - 2012
  • Type 001A Shandong-class (Modified Admiral Kuznetsov class) Aircraft Carier (1 UC) - 2019
  • Type 002 Hainan-class Aircraft Carrier (1 UC, 1 planned) - 2023
    • PLANS Hainan (18) - under construction
    • PLANS Guangdong (19) - planned for construction
  • Type 072-class Landing Ship (3) - 1978
    • PLANS Yuntai Shan (927)
    • PLANS Wufeng Shan (928)
    • PLANS Zijin Shan (929)
  • Type 073IIY-class Landing Ship (2) - 1985
    • PLANS Unnamed (937)
    • PLANS Unnamed (938)
  • Type 073III-class Landing Ship (1) - 1991
    • PLANS Unnamed (990)
  • Type 072III-class Dock Landing Ship (10) - 1992
    • PLANS Emei Shan (991)
    • PLANS Danxia Shan (934)
    • PLANS Xuefeng Shan (935)
    • PLANS Haiyang Shan (936)
    • PLANS Qingcheng Shan (937)
    • PLANS Yandang Shan (908)
    • PLANS Jiuhua Shan (909)
    • PLANS Putuo Shan (939)
    • PLANS Huanggang Shan (910)
    • PLANS Tiantai Shan (940)
  • Type 072II-class Landing Ship (4) - 1993
    • PLANS Lingyan Shan (930)
    • PLANS Dongting Shan (931)
    • PLANS Helan Shan (932)
    • PLANS Liupan Shan (933)
  • Type 073A-clas Landing Ship (10) - 2000
    • PLANS Shengzhou Hill (941)
    • PLANS Lushan (942)
    • PLANS Monsanto (943)
    • PLANS Yushan (944)
    • PLANS Huashan (945)
    • PLANS Songshan (946)
    • PLANS Unnamed (947)
    • PLANS Unnamed (948)
    • PLANS Taishan (949)
  • Type 072A-class Dock Landing Ship (15) - 2003
    • PLANS Tianzhu Shan (911)
    • PLANS Daqing Shan (912)
    • PLANS Baxian Shan (913)
    • PLANS Huading Shan (992)
    • PLANS Luoxiao Shan (993)
    • PLANS Daiyun Shan (994)
    • PLANS Wanyan Shan (995)
    • PLANS Laotie Shan (996)
    • PLANS Lvhua Shan (997)
    • PLANS Dabie Shan (981)
    • PLANS Taihang Shan (982)
    • PLANS Tianmu Shan (913)
    • PLANS Wuyi Shan (914)
    • PLANS Culai Shan (915)
    • PLANS Wutai Shan (916)
  • Type 071 Yuzhao-class Amphibious Transport Dock (3) - 2007
    • PLANS Kunlun Shan (998)
    • PLANS Jinggang Shann (999)
    • PLANS Yimeng Shan (988)
    • PLANS Changbai Shan (989)
    • PLANS Tanggula Shan (978)
    • PLANS Tai Shan (979)
  • Type 075 Amphibious Assault Ship (1 UC) - 2020
    • PLANS Unnamed
  • Type 051 Destroyer (6) - 1971
    • PLANS Kaifeng (109)
    • PLANS Dalian (110)
    • PLANS Zunyi (134)
    • PLANS Guilin (164)
    • PLANS Zhanjiang (165)
    • PLANS Zhuhai (166)
  • Type 052 Destroyer (2) - 1994
    • PLANS Harbin (112)
    • PLANS Qingdao (113)
  • Type 051B Destroyer (1) - 1998
    • PLANS Shenzhen (167)
  • Sovremenny-class Destroyer (4) - 1999
    • PLANS Hangzhou (136)
    • PLANS Fuzhou (137)
    • PLANS Taizhou (138)
    • PLANS Ningbo (139)
  • Type 052B Destroyer (2) - 2004
    • PLANS Guangzhou (168)
    • PLANS Wuhan (169)
  • Type 052C Destroyer (6) - 2004
    • PLANS Lanzhou (170)
    • PLANS Haikou (171)
    • PLANS Changchun (150)
    • PLANS Zhengzhou (151)
    • PLANS Jinan (152)
    • PLANS Xi'an (153)
  • Type 051C Destroyer (2) - 2006
    • PLANS Shenyang (115)
    • PLANS Shijiazhuang (116)
  • Type 052D Destroyer (9, 5 UC, 4 planned) - 2014
    • PLANS Kunming (172)
    • PLANS Changsha (173)
    • PLANS Hefei (174)
    • PLANS Yinchuan (175)
    • PLANS Xining (117)
    • PLANS Urumqi (118) - sea trials
    • PLANS Xiamen (154) - sea trials
    • PLANS Guiyang (119) - sea trials
    • PLANS Nanjing (155) - sea trials
    • PLANS Nanning (156) - fitting out
    • PLANS Chengdu (120) - fitting out
    • PLANS Unnamed (157) - fitting out
    • PLANS Unnamed (176) - under construction
    • PLANS Unnamed (177) - under construction
  • Type 055 Destroyer (4 UC, 4 planned) - 202X
    • PLANS Unnamed - under construction
    • PLANS Unnamed - under construction
    • PLANS Unnamed - under construction
    • PLANS Unnamed - under construction
  • Type 053H2G Frigate (4) - 1992
    • PLANS Anqing (539)
    • PLANS Huainan (540)
    • PLANS Huaibei (541)
    • PLANS Tongling (542)
  • Type 053H3 Frigate (10) - 1998
    • PLANS Jiaxing (521)
    • PLANS Lianyungang (522)
    • PLANS Putian (523)
    • PLANS Sanming (524)
    • PLANS Luoyang (527)
    • PLANS Mianyang (528)
    • PLANS Yichang (564)
    • PLANS Sanya (565)
    • PLANS Yuxi (566)
    • PLANS Xiangtan (567)
  • Type 054 Frigate (2) - 2005
    • PLANS Ma'anshan (525)
    • PLANS Wenzhou (526)
  • Type 054A Frigate (25, 3 UC) - 2008
    • PLANS Zhou Shan (FFG-529)
    • PLANS Xu Zhou (FFG-530)
    • PLANS Heng Yang (FFG-568)
    • PLANS Huang Shan (FFG-570)
    • PLANS Yu Lin (FFG-569)
    • PLANS Yun Cheng (FFG-571)
    • PLANS Yi Yang (FFG-548)
    • PLANS Chang Zhou (FFG-549)
    • PLANS Yan Tai (FFG-538)
    • PLANS Yan Cheng (FFG-546)
    • PLANS Heng Shui (FFG-572)
    • PLANS Liu Zhou (FFG-573)
    • PLANS Lin Yi (FFG-547)
    • PLANS Wei Fang (FFG-550)
    • PLANS San Ya (FFG-574)
    • PLANS Yue Yang (FFG-575)
    • PLANS Da Qing (FFG-576)
    • PLANS Huang Gang (FFG-577)
    • PLANS Yang Zhou (FFG-578)
    • PLANS Han Dan (FFG-579)
    • PLANS Jing Zhou (FFG-532)
    • PLANS Xiang Tan (FFG-531)
    • PLANS Xu Chang (FFG-536) - sea trials
    • PLANS Unnamed (FFG-551) - fitting out
    • PLANS Unnamed (FFG-552) - under construction
    • PLANS Unnamed (FFG-535) - under construction
    • PLANS Unnamed - (FFG-5XX) under construction
  • Type 056 Corvette (24) - 2013
    • PLANS Bengbu (582)
    • PLANS Huizhou (596)
    • PLANS Meizhou (584)
    • PLANS Datong (580)
    • PLANS Shangrao (583)
    • PLANS Qinzhou (597)
    • PLANS Baize (585)
    • PLANS Yingkou (581)
    • PLANS Jieyang (587)
    • PLANS Ji'an (586)
    • PLANS Qingyuan (589)
    • PLANS Quanzhou (588)
    • PLANS Luzhou (592)
    • PLANS Weihai (590)
    • PLANS Fu Shu (591)
    • PLANS Chaozhou (595)
    • PLANS Xinyang (501)
    • PLANS Huangshi (502)
    • PLANS Suzhou (503)
    • PLANS Qujing (508)
    • PLANS Huaian (509)
    • PLANS Baoding (511)
    • PLANS Heze (512)
    • PLANS Ningde (510)
  • Type 056A Corvette (8) - 2014
    • PLANS Zhuzhou (594)
    • PLANS Sanmenxia (593)
    • PLANS Suqian (504)
    • PLANS Qinhuangdao (505)
    • PLANS Jingmen (506)
    • PLANS Tongren (507)
    • PLANS Ezhou (513)
    • PLANS Liupanshui (514) - sea trials
  • Type 037-II Missile Boat (6) - 1991
    • PLANS Yangjiang (770)
    • PLANS Shunde (771)
    • PLANS Nanhai (772)
    • PLANS Panyu (773)
    • PLANS Lianjiang (774)
    • PLANS Xinhui (775)
  • Type 022 Missile Boat (83) - 2004
  • Type 091 Nuclear Attack Submarine (5) - 1974
    • PLANS 401
    • PLANS 402
    • PLANS 403
    • PLANS 404
    • PLANS 405
  • Type 092 Ballistic Missile Submarine (2) - 1981
    • PLANS 406
    • PLANS 407
  • Type 039 Hunter Killer Submarine (16) - 1988
    • PLANS 314
    • PLANS 315
    • PLANS 316
    • PLANS 317
    • PLANS 318
    • PLANS 319
    • PLANS 320
    • PLANS 321
    • PLANS 322
    • PLANS 323
    • PLANS 324
    • PLANS 325
    • PLANS 326
    • PLANS 327
    • PLANS 328
    • PLANS 329
  • Kilo I-class Submarine (2) - 1994
    • PLANS 364
    • PLANS 365
  • Kilo II-class Hunter Killer Submarine (10) - 1997
    • PLANS 366
    • PLANS 367
    • PLANS 368
    • PLANS 369
    • PLANS 370
    • PLANS 371
    • PLANS 372
    • PLANS 373
    • PLANS 374
    • PLANS 375
  • Type 041 Hunter Killer Submarine (7) - 2008
    • PLANS 376
    • PLANS 377
    • PLANS 378
    • PLANS 379
    • PLANS 380
    • PLANS 381
    • PLANS 382
  • Type 094 Nuclear Ballistic Missile Submarines (6) - 2010
    • PLANS 408
    • PLANS 409
    • PLANS 410
    • PLANS 411
    • PLANS 412
    • PLANS 413
  • Type 093 Nuclear Attack Submarine (2) - 2006
    • PLANS March 7th (407)
    • PLANS March 8th (408)
  • Type 093A Nuclear Attack Submarine (2) -
    • PLANS March 13th (413)
    • PLANS March 14th (414)
  • Type 093B Nuclear Attack Submarine (4) -
    • PLANS March 15th (415)
    • PLANS March 16th (416)
    • PLANS March 17th (417)
    • PLANS March 18th (418)
  • Type 925 Submarine Tender (4) - 1979
    • PLANS Changxingdao (121)
    • PLANS Chongmingdao (302)
    • PLANS Yongxingdao (506)
    • PLANS Yongxingdao (863)
  • Type 905 Replenishment Vessel (2) - 1980
    • PLANS Hongzehu (881)
    • PLANS Poyanghu (882)
  • Type 904 Dive Tender (2) - 1981
    • PLANS Kan-Cha I
    • PLANS Kan-Cha II
  • Type 210 Icebreaker (1) - 1982
    • PLANS Haibing 723
  • Type 814A Spy Ship (1) - 1986
    • PLANS Bei-Diao (900)
  • Type 904 General Stores Ship (2) - 1992
    • PLANS Yangcheng Lake (883)
    • PLANS Jingpo Lake (884)
  • Type 908 Replenishment Vessel (1) - 1996
    • PLANS Qinghaihu (885)
  • Type 815 Spy Ship (1) - 1999
    • PLANS Beijixing (851)
  • Type 903 Replenishment Vessel (2) - 2004
    • PLANS Qiandaohu (886)
    • PLANS Weishanhu (887)
  • Type 904A General Stores Ship (1) - 2007
    • PLANS Fuxian Lake (888)
  • Type 920 Hospital Ship (1) - 2008
    • PLANS Daishan Island (866)
  • Type 926 Submarine Support Ship (3) - 2010
    • PLANS Oceanic Island (864)
    • PLANS Liugong Island (865)
    • PLANS Long Island (867)
  • Type 815A Spy Ship (5) - 2010
    • PLANS Tianwangxing (853)
    • PLANS Tianlangxing (854)
    • PLANS Unnamed (855)
    • PLANS Haiwangxing (852)
    • PLANS Kaiyangxing (856)
  • Type 903A Replenishment Vessel (6) - 2013
    • PLANS Taihu (889)
    • PLANS Chaohu (890)
    • PLANS Dongpinghu (860)
    • PLANS Gaoyouhu (966)
    • PLANS Honghu (963)
    • PLANS Luomahu (964)
  • Type 904B General Stores Vessel (2, 1 UC) - 2015
    • PLANS Junshanhu (961)
    • PLANS Luguhu (962)
    • PLANS Unnamed (965)
  • Type 272 Icebreaker (2) - 2016
    • PLANS Haibing 722
    • PLANS Haibing 723
  • Type 901 Fast Combat Support Ship (2 UC) - 201X
    • PLANS Weishanhu - under construction
    • PLANS Unnamed - under construction
  • Type 081 Mine Countermeasures Vessel (4) - 2007
    • PLANS Zhangjiagang (805)
    • PLANS Jingjiang (810)
    • PLANS Liuyang (839)
    • PLANS Luxi (840)
  • Type 081A Mine Countermeasures Vessel (6) - 2012
    • PLANS Xiaoyi (841)
    • PLANS Taishan (842)
    • PLANS Changshu (843)
    • PLANS Heshan (844)
    • PLANS Qingzhou (845)
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