McDonnell-Douglas CF-188 Hornet
From Canadian Power Wiki
The need to upgrade the CF-18 was demonstrated during the Gulf War I deployment and during the 1998 Kosovo conflict as advances in technology had rendered some of the avionics on board the CF-18 obsolete and incompatible with NATO allies. In 2000, CF-18 upgrades became possible when the government increased the defence budget.
In 2001, the Incremental Modernization Project (IMP) was initiated. The project was broken into two phases over a period of eight years and was designed to improve air-to-air and air-to-ground combat capabilities, upgrade sensors and the defensive suite, and replace the datalinks and communications systems on board the CF-18 from the old F/A-18A and F/A-18B standard to the current F/A-18C and D standard. Boeing (merged with McDonnell Douglas) the primary contractor and L-3 Communications the primary subcontractor, was issued a contract for the modernization project starting in 2002. A total of 80 CF-18s, consisting of 84 single-seat and 36 dual-seat models were selected from the fleet for the upgrade program.
- Replacement of the AN/APG-65 radar with the new AN/APG-73 radar, which has triple the processing speed and memory capacity, while also incorporating Terrain Following and Terrain Avoidance modes for low level ground attack missions. Furthermore, the new AN/APG-73 radar is also capable of guiding the modern AIM-120 AMRAAM medium range missile.
- Addition of the AN/APX-111 Combined Interrogator and Transponder, otherwise known as an IFF (Identification Friend or Foe). The new IFF brings the CF-18 up to current NATO standards for combat identification.
- Replacement of the radios with the new AN/ARC-210, RT-1556/ARC VHF/UHF Radio. This radio, capable of line-of-sight communications on VHF/UHF frequencies as well as HAVE QUICK, HAVE QUICK II, and SINCGARS waveforms resolved the issues of compatibility with allied forces, and are more resistant to jamming.
- Replacement of the mission computers with the General Dynamics Advanced Information Systems AN/AYK-14 XN-8 mission computer with increased memory and processing capabilities.
- Replacement of the Stores Management System with the Smiths Aerospace AN/AYQ-9 Stores Management System. This makes the CF-18 more compatible with the latest of precision guided munitions (PGMs) and furthermore adds the MIL-STD-1760 interface for use of the AIM-120 AMRAAM missile and the JDAM family of GPS-guided bombs.
- Installation of a Global Positioning System/Inertial Navigation System (GPS/INS) capability, enhancing the CF-18's navigational capabilities.
- Replacement of F404-GE400 afterburning turbofans with the more powerful F404-GE402 afterburning turbofans.
- Addition of a Link 16 data net system to the aircraft, enhancing interoperability with major NATO allies.
- Integration of the Joint Helmet Mounted Cueing System from Boeing, BAE Systems, DRDC and L-3 Communications MAS.
- Addition of a crash survivable flight data recorder.
- Upgrade of the electronic warfare suite.
Within the same time frame, other non-IMP upgrades included:
- Installation of a new infrared sensor pod.
- Replacement of the old cathode ray tube cockpit instrument panels with new flat paneled, full colour LCD displays from Litton Systems Canada (now Northrop Grumman Canada).
- Addition of a new night vision imaging system.
- Purchase of the AIM-120 AMRAAM medium-range missiles and other advanced air to air and air to ground munitions.
- Application of a landing gear “get well” program to reduce corrosion and improve gear retraction.
- Replacement of the existing CF-18 flight simulators with the Advanced Distributed Combat Training System.
- A fuselage Centre Barrel Replacement Project (for 40 of the upgraded aircraft).
- An Air Combat Manoeuvring Instrumentation System.
- An Integrated Electronic Warfare Support Station.
- An Electronic Warfare Test Equipment Project.
- Canadian Forces Air Command
- No. 406 Tactical Fighter Squadron
- No. 409 Tactical Fighter Squadron
- No. 410 Tactical Fighter Squadron
- No. 425 Tactical Fighter Squadron
- No. 433 Tactical Fighter Squadron
- No. 439 Tactical Fighter Squadron
- No. 441 Tactical Fighter Squadron
- Canadian Forces Maritime Command
- VF-880 "Gunfighters"
- VF-881 "Blackjacks"
- VF-882 "Sharks"
- VF-883 "Snipers"
- VF-884 "Rapiers"
- VF-885 "Lancers"
- Canadian Forces Air Command
Specifications (CF-188C/D Hornet)
- General Characteristics:
- Crew: 1-2
- Length: 56 feet (17.07 meters)
- Wingspan: 40 feet (12.2 meters)
- Height: 15 feet 4 inches (4.67 meters)
- Wing Area: 400 square feet (37.16 square meters)
- Airfoil: NACA 65A005 mod root, 65A003.5 mod tip
- Empty Weight: 23,049 lb (10,455 kg)
- Loaded Weight: 37,150 lb (16,851 kg)
- Maximum Takeoff Weight: 51,550 lb (23,383 kg)
- Powerplant: 2x General Electric F404-GE402 afterburning turbofans
- Dry Thrust: 12,150 lbf (54 kN)
- Thrust with Afterburners: 18,000 lbf (80 kN)
- Maximum Speed: Mach 1.8 (1,370 mph; 2,205 km/h)
- Combat Radius: 330 miles (531.08 kilometers)
- Ferry Range: 2,070 miles (3,331.34 kilometers)
- Service Ceiling: 50,000 feet (15,240 meters)
- Rate of Climb: 50,000 feet/minute (254 meters/second
- Thrust/Weight Ratio: 0.96
- Nine Weapon/ Store Stations (5 pylons: 1 Under Fuselage and 4 Wing Stations) (2 LAU 116 located on sides of fuselage: deploys AIM 7 Sparrow and AMRAAM Missiles)(2 LAU 7 located on the wing tips: Deploys AIM 9 Sidewinder Missile), carrying up to 13,700 lb (6215 kg) of missiles, rockets, bombs, fuel tanks, and pods.
- 1 × 20 mm M61A1 Vulcan internal Gatling gun with 578 rounds, with a firing rate of 4000 or 6000 shots per minute
- Air-to-Air Missiles: AIM-7 Sparrow, AIM-9 Sidewinder, AIM-120 AMRAAM
- Air-to-Ground Missiles: AGM-65 Maverick, AGM-84 Harpoon, AGM-84E SLAM, AGM-88 HARM, AGM-119 Penguin, AGM-154 JSOW, AGM-158 JASSM, Taurus KEPD 350 cruise missile, CRV7 rockets
- Bombs: Mk.80 series iron bombs, Paveway Series laser guided bombs, JDAM GPS-guided bombs, GBU-15 Glide Bomb, GBU-28 "Bunker Buster" bomb, GBU-31/-32/-35/-38 laser-guided bombs, GBU-39 and GBU-53 Small Diameter Bomb, CBU-99 and CBU-100 Rockeye, CBU-107 Passive Attack Weapon
- Raytheon AN/APG-73 radar
- BAE Systems AN/APX-111 IFF
- Rockwell Collins AN/ARC-210 RT-1556/ARC VHF/UHF Radio
- General Dynamics Advanced Information Systems AN/AYK-14 XN-8 mission computer
- Smiths Aerospace AN/AYQ-9 Stores Management System