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Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor

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An F-22 Raptor and F-35A Lightning II flying together.

The Lockheed Martin/Boeing F-22 Raptor is a single-seat, twin-engine fifth-generation supermaneuverable fighter aircraft that uses stealth technology. It was designed primarily as an air superiority fighter, but has additional capabilities that include ground attack, electronic warfare, and signals intelligence roles. Lockheed Martin Aeronautics is the prime contractor and is responsible for the majority of the airframe, weapon systems and final assembly of the F-22. Program partner Boeing Defense, Space & Security provides the wings, aft fuselage, avionics integration, and training systems.

The aircraft was variously designated F-22 and F/A-22 during the years prior to formally entering USAF service in December 2002 as the F-22A. Despite a protracted and costly development period, the United States Air Force considers the F-22 a critical component of U.S. tactical air power, and claims that the aircraft is unmatched by any known or projected fighter. Lockheed Martin claims that the Raptor's combination of stealth, speed, agility, precision and situational awareness, combined with air-to-air and air-to-ground combat capabilities, makes it the best overall fighter in the world today. Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston, former Chief of the Australian Defence Force, said in 2004 that the "F-22 will be the most outstanding fighter plane ever built."

The United States Air Force plans to purchase a total of 452 F-22 Raptors (at a flyaway cost of 114.02 million USD) to replace the F-15C/D in service. There are currently 292 active F-22s in service.

Specifications[edit]

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 62 feet 1 inch (18.923 meters)
  • Wingspan: 44 feet 6 inches (13.564 meters)
  • Height: 16 feet 8 inches (5.08 meters)
  • Wing Area: 840 ft² (78.04 m²)
  • Airfoil: NACA 64A?05.92 root, NACA 64A?04.29 tip
  • Empty Weight: 43,430 lbs (19699.5 kg)
  • Loaded Weight: 64,460 lbs (29,238.6 kg)
  • Maximum Takeoff Weight: 83,500 lbs (37,875 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 x Pratt & Whitney F119-PW100 pitch thrust vectoring turbofans
    • Dry Thrust: 23,504 lbf (104 kN)
    • Thrust w/Afterburners: 35,256 lbf (156 kN)
  • Fuel Capacity: 18,000 lbs (8,164.66 kg) internal; 26,000 lb (11,793.4 kg) with two external tanks.
  • Maximum Speed: Mach 2.25 (1,500 mph; 1,414 km/hr)
  • Supercruise: Mach 1.82 (1,220 mph; 1,963.4 km/hr)
  • Armament
    • Guns: 1 x 20 mm (0.787 in) M61A2 Vulcan 6-barreled gatling cannon in starboard wing root, 480 rounds
    • Air-to-Air Missiles: AIM-9X Sidewinder, AIM-120C/D AMRAAM, AIM-152 AAAM

Operators[edit]

  • Air Education an Training Command
    • 325th Fighter Wing - Tyndall AFB, Florida
      • 1st Fighter Squadron
      • 2nd Fighter Squadron
      • 43rd Fighter Squadron
      • 95th Fighter Squadron
  • Air Combat Command
    • 1st Fighter Wing - Langley AFB, Virginia
      • 27th Fighter Squadron
      • 71st Fighter Squadron
      • 94th Fighter Squadron
    • 49th Fighter Wing - Holloman AFB, New Mexico
      • 7th Fighter Squadron
      • 8th Fighter Squadron
    • 53rd Fighter Wing - Eglin AFB, Florida
      • 60th Fighter Squadron
      • 422nd Test and Evaluation Squadron
    • 57th Fighter Wing - Nellis AFB, Nevada
      • 433rd Weapons Squadron
  • Air Force Material Command
    • 412th Test Wing - Edwards AFB, California
      • 411th Flight Test Squadron
  • Pacific Air Forces
    • 3rd Fighter Wing - Elmendorf AFB, Alaska
      • 12th Fighter Squadron
      • 54th Fighter Squadron
      • 90th Fighter Squadron
      • 525th Fighter Squadron
    • 15th Fighter Wing - Hickam AFB, Hawaii
      • 19th Fighter Squadron
    • 35th Fighter Wing - Misawa Air Base
      • 352nd Fighter Squadron
      • 612th Fighter Squadron
      • 614th Fighter Squadron
      • 615th Fighter Squadron
    • 54th Fighter Wing - Andersen AFB, Guam
      • 16th Fighter Squadron
      • 318th Fighter Squadron
      • 478th Fighter Squadron
  • Air National Guard
    • 154th Fighter Wing - Hickam AFB, Hawaii
      • 199th Fighter Squadron
    • 192nd Fighter Wing - Langley AFB, Virginia
      • 149th Fighter Squadron
  • Air Force Reserve Comman
    • 44th Fighter Group - Holloman AFB, New Mexico
      • 301st Fighter Squadron
    • 477th Fighter Group - Elmendorf AFB, Alaska
      • 302nd Fighter Squadron
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