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Independence-class Littoral Combat Ship

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The littoral combat ship USS Independence (LCS-02) underway during builder's trials.
The Independence-class is a class of littoral combat ships built for the United States Navy.

The hull design evolved from a project at Austal to design a 40 knot cruise ship. That hull design evolved into the high-speed trimaran ferry HSC Benchijigua Express and the Independence-class was then proposed by General Dynamics and Austal as a contender for Navy plans to build a fleet of small, multipurpose warships to operate in the littoral zone. Two ships were approved, to compete with Lockheed Martin's Freedom-class design for a construction contract of up to 64 vessels.

As of 2010, the lead ship is active, while a second ship, Coronado, is under construction. Despite initial plans to only accept one of the Independence and Freedom-classes, the Navy has requested that Congress order ten additional ships of each class, for a total 12 ships per class. In February 2012, Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus announced that the fifth Independence-class littoral combat ship will be named USS Shreveport, and the sixth USS Omaha. In April 2013, the name Manchester was assigned to LCS-14, while in June 2013, the name Tulsa was assigned to LCS-16.

Specifications[edit]

  • Type: Littoral Combat Ship (Hull designation symbol LCS)
  • Service Period: 2008-Present
  • Characteristics:
    • Length: 418 feet (127.41 meters)
    • Beam: 104 feet (31.7 meters)
    • Draft: 14 feet (4.27 meters)
    • Displacement: 3,421.57 tons (Full Load)
  • Capacity: 231 tons
  • Crew: 75
  • Propulsion: 2 MTU Friedrichshafen 20V 8000 Series diesel engines, 2 General Electric LM2500 gas turbines, 2 American VULKAN light weight multiple-section carbon fiber propulsion shaftlines, 2 LJ160E and 2 LJ150E Wärtsilä waterjets, retractable bow-mounted azimuth thruster, 4 diesel generators
  • Range: 4,300 nautical miles (7,964 kilometers) at 18 knots (33.34 km/h)
  • Speed: 44 knots (81.49 km/h)
  • Sensor Suite:
    • SAAB Sea GIRAFFE 3D air and surface search radar
    • Sperry Marine BridgeMaster E navigational radar
    • AN/KAX-2 electro-optical sensor with TV and FLIR
    • Northrop Grumman ICMS (Integrated Combat Management System)
  • Countermeasures:
    • ITT Corporation ES-3601 ESM system
    • SRBOC decoy launchers for chaff and infrared decoys x 4
    • BAE Systems NULKA active radar decoy system
  • Armament:
    • 1 x 57mm/70-caliber Mk.110 naval gun
    • 24 x RGM-114L Hellfire missiles
    • 2 x 30mm Mk44 Bushmaster II auto-cannons
    • 4 x 12.7mm/90-caliber M2 Browning machine guns
    • 1 x Raytheon SeaRAM CIWS
  • Aircraft Carried: 2 x MH-60R/S Seahawk, 1 x MQ-8 Fire Scout

Unit Run[edit]

  • USS Independence (LCS-2)
  • USS Coronado (LCS-4)
  • USS Jackson (LCS-6)
  • USS Montgomery (LCS-8)
  • USS Shreveport (LCS-10)
  • USS Omaha (LCS-12)
  • USS Manchester (LCS-14)
  • USS Tulsa (LCS-16)
  • USS Charleston (LCS-18)
  • USS Cincinnati (LCS-20)
  • USS Kansas City (LCS-22)
  • USS Oakland (LCS-24)
  • USS Mobile (LCS-26)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-28)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-30)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-32)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-34)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-36)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-38)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-40)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-42)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-44)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-46)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-48)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-50)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-52)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-54)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-56)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-58)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-60)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-62)
  • USS Unnamed (LCS-64)
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