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Haruna-class Helicopter Destroyer

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The JDS Haruna (DDH-141) arrives at Pearl Harbor on June 25, 2004 to take part in the 2004 RIMPAC.
The Haruna-class destroyer was a destroyer class built for the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) in the early 1970s. These helicopter carrying destroyers (DDH) are built around a large central hangar which houses up to three helicopters.

Originally, the Coastal Safety Force and its successor, the JMSDF, had intended to enable its fleet aviation operating capability. In 1960, the Defense Agency planned to construct one helicopter carrier (CVH) with the Second Defense Build-up Plan, but this project was shelved and finally cancelled because the JMSDF changed their plan to dispersing its fleet aviation assets among destroyers, not concentrating in few helicopter carrier. The Japanese DDH was planned to be a hub with this dispersing fleet aviation concept with their logistics service capability for aircraft.

At the beginning, equipment of this class were similar to those of the Takatsuki-class DDA. Every weapons, two 5"/54 caliber Mark 42 (Type 73) guns and one Type 74 octuple missile launcher (Japanese version of the American Mark 16 GMLS), were settled on the forecastle deck. But with the Fleet Rehabilitation and Modernization (FRAM) program in 1983 and 1984, Sea Sparrow launchers, Phalanx CIWS systems and chaff launchers were added on the superstructure. With this upgrading program, this class became also enable to operate Naval Tactical Data System (NTDS) with OYQ-6/7 combat direction system.

The rear-half of the superstructure was helicopter hangar, and the afterdeck was the helicopter deck with the beartrap system. To operate large HSS-2 ASW helicopters safely, the full length of the helicopter deck reached 50 meters.

Specifications[edit]

  • Type: Helicopter Destroyer (Hull designation symbol DDH)
  • Service Period: 1973-2011
  • Characteristics:
    • Length: 502 feet (153.01 meters)
    • Beam: 57 feet 5 inches (17.5 meters)
    • Draft: 17 feet 1 inch (5.21 meters)
    • Displacement: 5,544 tons (Standard); 7,728 tons (Full Load)
  • Crew: 365 (36 officers and 329 enlisted)
  • Propulsion: 2 boilers 850 psi (60 kg/cm², 5.9 MPa), 430 °C, 2 turbines, 2 shafts, 60,000 hp (45,000 kW)
  • Speed: 31 knots (57.41 km/h)
  • Sensor Suite:
    • OYQ-6/7 CDS (w/ Link-11)
    • OPS-14/24 Air search radar
    • OPS-28 surface search radar
    • OQS-4A hull sonar
    • OQR-1 TACTASS
  • Countermeasures:
    • NOLQ-1
    • NOLR-8 intercept
    • OLT-3 jammer
    • Mark 36 SRBOC
  • Armament:
    • 2 x 5"/54-caliber Mk.42 naval guns
    • 1 x 8-cell Mk.16 ASROC Missile Launcher
    • 1 x 8-cell Mk.29 Sea Sparrow Missile Launcher
    • 2 x 20mm Phalanx CIWS
    • 2 x Mk.32 triple fire torpedo tubes (fires Mk.46 torpedoes)
  • Aircraft Carried: 3 x SH-60J(K) Seahawk maritime helicopters

Unit Run[edit]

  • JDS Haruna (DDH-141)
  • JDS Hiei (DDH-142)
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