Hamburg-class Destroyer

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The Type 101 Hamburg-class was the only class of destroyers built in post-war Germany. They were specifically designed to operate in the Baltic Sea, where armament and speed are more important than seaworthiness. They were named after some of the "Bundesländer" (federated states) of West Germany.

The German shipyard Stülcken was contracted to design and build the ships. Stülcken was rather inexperienced with naval shipbuilding, but got the order, since the shipyards traditionally building warships for the German navies like Blohm + Voss, Howaldtswerke or Lürssen were all occupied constructing commercial vessels (no naval ship had been built in Germany since World War II).

Originally they had only barreled weapons, but from 1976 to 1978 they were upgraded with guided missiles to increase their effectiveness against modern surface warships and were redesignated Type 101A. One 100mm gun was replaced by two MM38 Exocet missile launchers, the Bofors were replaced by Breda 40mm, and the torpedo tubes were removed. Modifications were also made to the operations center, radar and bridge.

The design of the Hamburg-class has been criticized for many of the same failures of the Kriegsmarine destroyers: too top-heavy and bad sea-keeping capabilities. This is in part due to the low freeboard on the hull. They were eventually replaced in the 1990s by the Brandenburg-class frigates.

Unit Run[edit | edit source]

  • BMS Hamburg (D181)
  • BMS Schleswig-Holstein (D182)
  • BMS Bayern (D183)
  • BMS Hessen (D184)