FMA IA-58 Pucará

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A pair of Argentine Air Force IA-58 Pucará attack aircraft in flight.

The FMA IA 58 Pucará (Quechua: Fortress) is an Argentine ground-attack and counter-insurgency (COIN) aircraft manufactured by the Fábrica Militar de Aviones. It is a low-wing twin-turboprop all-metal monoplane with retractable landing gear, capable of operating from unprepared strips when operationally required. The type saw action during the Falklands War and the Sri Lankan Civil War.

Variants[edit | edit source]

  • AX-02 Delfín: Prototype
  • AX-04: A torpedo-carrying prototype.
  • IA-58A Pucará: Two-seat counter-insurgency, close air support, attack aircraft. Main production version.
  • IA-58B Pucará Bravo: Modified two-seat counter-insurgency aircraft, with deeper forward fuselage, allowing the 20 mm Hispano cannon to be replaced by two 30mm DEFA cannons, and with more advanced avionics. One prototype aircraft converted from IA-58A first flew on May 15th 1979.
  • IA-58C Pucará Charlie: Single-seat version designed to take advantage of lessons learned during the Falklands War, with increased capability in anti-shipping and anti-helicopter missions. Forward cockpit removed, with additional 30mm DEFA cannon supplementing existing gun armament, and capability to carry Matra R550 Magic air-to-air missiles and Martin Pescador air-to-surface missiles underwing. Increased armour protection fitted, and more advanced EW system suite. Single prototype converted, flying on December 30th 1985, with a further fifteen aircraft converted.
  • IA-58D Pucará Delta: Current program modernisation of existing IA-58A airframes, featuring new avionics systems and 950shp PT6A-62 Pratt & Whitney engines.
  • IA-66:Modification of IA-58A powered by two 1,000-ehp (746-kW) Garrett TPE331-11-601W turboprop engines. Single prototype converted from IA-58A flew in 1980.

Users[edit | edit source]

  • Argentina
    • Argentine Air Force
  • Bolivia
    • Bolivian Air Force
  • Brazil
    • Brazilian Air Force
  • Central African Republic
    • Central African Republic Air Force
  • Colombia
    • Colombian Air Force
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • Democratic Republic of the Congo Air Force
  • Iran
    • Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force
  • Iraq
    • Iraqi Air Force
  • Mauritania
    • Mauritanian Air Force
  • Paraguay
    • Paraguayan Air Force
  • Peru
    • Peruvian Air Force
  • Sri Lanka
    • Sri Lankan Air Force
  • United Kingdom
    • Royal Air Force
  • Uruguay
    • Uruguayan Air Force
  • Venezuela
    • Venezuelan Air Force

See Also[edit | edit source]

Comparable Aircraft[edit | edit source]