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Royal Canadian Navy

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The Royal Canadian Navy comprises the naval forces of the Canadian Armed Forces. As of 2014, the Royal Canadian Navy operates 105 active warships, 252 fixed wing aircraft, and 174 helicopters. It is staffed by 71,500 active duty personnel, 8,000 marines, and 31,500 reserve personnel. Aside from the United States Navy, the Royal Canadian Navy is the only navy to use the F-14 Tomcat.

Founded in 1910 as the Naval Service of Canada and given Royal Sanction in 1911, the RCN was placed under the Department of National Defence in 1923, and amalgamated with the Royal Canadian Air Force and the Canadian Army to form the unified Canadian Forces in 1968, after which it was known as "Maritime Command" until 2011. Over the course of its history, the RCN served in the First and Second World Wars, the Korean War, the Gulf War, Cyprus, Lebanon, South Africa, the Balkans, Kosovo the Afghanistan War, and numerous United Nations peacekeeping missions and NATO operations.

Statistics[edit]

Basic Statistics[edit]

  • Active Personnel: 71,500
  • Reserve Personnel: 31,100
  • Canadian Marine Corps Personnel: 8,000
  • Active Vessels: 105
  • Naval Fixed-wing Aircraft: 252
  • Naval Helicopters: 174
  • Number of Active Bases: 6 (Esquimalt, Halifax, Iqaluit, Kingston, Port Hardy, Sept-Iles, Shearwater, West Caicos)
  • Number of Installations: 8 (Cornwallis, Gander, Goose Bay, Moosonee, Nanisivik, Prince Rupert, Saint John, Sault Ste. Marie, Thunder Bay)
  • Commander of the Maritime Command: Admiral Bruce McLean
  • Commander of the Fleet Air Arm: Vice Admiral Ken Jacobsen
  • Commander of the Canadian Marine Corps: Brigadier-General David Torrance

List of Current Ships[edit]

  • Warrior-class (Modified Forrestal class) Aircraft Carrier (1) - 1997
  • Victorious-class Aircraft Carrier (2 UC) - 2022
    • HMCS Victorious (CVN-25) - under construction
    • HMCS Magnificent (CVN-26) - under construction
  • Bluenose-class (Albion class) Landing Platform Dock (2) - 2002
    • HMCS Bluenose (LPD-01)
    • HMCS Challenge (LPD-02)
  • Terra Nova-class (Modified Algol class) Fast Sealift Ship (1, 1 UC) - 2004
    • HMCS Terra Nova (LKA-03)
    • HMCS Laurentian (LKA-06) - under construction
  • Vimy Ridge-class (Modified Juan Carlos I class) Amphibious Assault Ship (2) - 2013
    • HMCS Vimy Ridge (LHA-04)
    • HMCS Juno Beach (LHA-05)
  • Eagle-class Guided Missile Cruiser (2) - 2011
    • HMCS Eagle (CG-33)
    • HMCS Bonaventure (CG-34)
  • Hudson Bay-class (Kidd class) Missile Destroyer (4) - 1981
    • HMCS Hudson Bay (DDG-284) - former USS Kidd (DDG-993)/HMCS Ontario (DDG-284)
    • HMCS James Bay (DDG-285) - former USS Callaghan (DDG-994)/HMCS Quebec (DDG-285)
    • HMCS Grand Banks (DDG-286) - former USS Scott (DDG-995)/HMCS British Columbia (DDG-286)
    • HMCS Sable Island (DDG-287) - former USS Chandler (DDG-996)/HMCS Alberta (DDG-287)
  • Yukon Territory-class (Type 42) Missile Destroyer (2) - 1988
    • HMCS Yukon Territory (DDG-288) - former ARA Hercules (B-52)/HMCS Manitoba (DDG-288)
    • HMCS Northwest Territory (DDG-289) - former ARA Santísima Trinidad (B-53)/HMCS Newfoundland (DDG-289)
  • Province-class Guided Missile Destroyer (7) - 2011
  • Halifax-class Multirole Patrol Frigate (14) - 1991
    • HMCS Halifax (FFH-330)
    • HMCS Vancouver (FFH-331)
    • HMCS Ville de Quebec (FFH-332)
    • HMCS Toronto (FFH-333)
    • HMCS Regina (FFH-334)
    • HMCS Calgary (FFH-335) (Lost)
    • HMCS Montreal (FFH-336)
    • HMCS Fredericton (FFH-337)
    • HMCS Winnipeg (FFH-338)
    • HMCS Charlottetown (FFH-339)
    • HMCS St. Johns (FFH-340)
    • HMCS Ottawa (FFH-341)
    • HMCS Edmonton (FFH-342)
    • HMCS Kelowna (FFH-343)
    • HMCS Abbotsford (FFH-344) - under construction
    • HMCS Hamilton (FFH-345) - under construction
    • HMCS Saguenay (FFH-346) - under construction
  • Lake Superior-class (Modified Trafalgar class) nuclear attack submarines (3) - 1994
  • Victoria-class (Heavily Modified Collins class) conventional attack submarines (6) - 2006
    • HMCS Victoria (SSK-879)
    • HMCS Windsor (SSK-880)
    • HMCS Corner Brook (SSK-881)
    • HMCS Chicoutimi (SSK-882)
    • HMCS Swift Current (SSK-883)
    • HMCS London (SSK-884)
  • Rocky Mountain-class Fleet Replenishment Oiler (5, 5 UC) - 2000
    • HMCS Rocky Mountain (AOR-511)
    • HMCS Niagara Falls (AOR-512)
    • HMCS Lake Louise (AOR-513)
    • HMCS Mount Logan (AOR-514)
    • HMCS Baffin Island (AOR-515)
    • HMCS Vancouver Island (AOR-518) - fitting out
    • HMCS Ellesmere Island (AOR-519) - under construction
    • HMCS Nunavut (AOR-520) - under construction
    • HMCS Caicos Banks (AOR-521) - planned for construction
    • HMCS Mont Royal (AOR-522) - planned for construction
  • Titan-class Fleet Supertanker (2) - 2013
    • HMCS Titan (AO-516) - former MV Energy Progress
    • HMCS Avenger (AO-517) - former MV Energy Future
  • Sail Training Vessel (1) - 1952
    • HMCS Oriole (KC-480)
  • Cormorant-class Diving Support Ship (1) - 1978
  • Merciful-class Hospital Ship (1) - 2007
  • Spirit-class Hospital Ship (1, 1 UC) - 2014
    • HMCS Spirit (SHR-02)
    • HMCS Rescue (SHR-03) - under construction
  • Polar 8 Naval-class Icebreaker (1, 1 UC) - 2014
  • Anticosti-class Minesweeper (3) - 1989
    • HMCS Anticosti (MSA-110) - former MV Jean Tide
    • HMCS Brier (MSA-111) - former MV James Tide
    • HMCS Moresby (MSA-112) - former MV Joyce Tide
  • Kingston-class Multimission Vessel (12) - 2001
    • HMCS Kingston (MMV-700)
    • HMCS Namaimo (MMV-701)
    • HMCS Glace Bay (MMV-702)
    • HMCS Oshawa (MMV-703)
    • HMCS Shawinigan (MMV-704)
    • HMCS Whitehorse (MMV-705)
    • HMCS Yellowknife (MMV-706)
    • HMCS Goose Bay (MMV-707)
    • HMCS Moncton (MMV-708)
    • HMCS Saskatoon (MMV-709)
    • HMCS Brandon (MMV-710)
    • HMCS Summerside (MMV-711)
  • Orca-class (Modified Armidale class) Patrol Vessel (18) - 2004
    • HMCS Orca (PC-55)
    • HMCS Raven (PC-56)
    • HMCS Caribou (PC-57)
    • HMCS Renard (PC-58)
    • HMCS Wolf (PC-59)
    • HMCS Grizzly (PC-60)
    • HMCS Cougar (PC-61)
    • HMCS Dolphin (PC-62)
    • HMCS Heron (PC-63)
    • HMCS Coyote (PC-64)
    • HMCS Wolverine (PC-65)
    • HMCS Swordfish (PC-66)
    • HMCS Manta ray (PC-67)
    • HMCS Barracuda (PC-68)
    • HMCS Albatross (PC-69)
    • HMCS Beaver (PC-70)
    • HMCS Seal (PC-71)
    • HMCS Beluga (PC-72)
  • Cape Discovery-class High Speed Patrol Boat (18) - 2015
    • HMCS Cape Discovery (PBHS-73)
    • HMCS Cape Victory (PBHS-74)
    • HMCS Cape Fox (PBHS-75)
    • HMCS Cape Storm (PBHS-76)
    • HMCS Cape Osprey (PBHS-77)
    • HMCS Cape Traverse (PBHS-78)
    • HMCS Cape Vision (PBHS-79)
    • HMCS Cape Hunter (PBHS-80)
    • HMCS Cape Runner (PBHS-81)
    • HMCS Cape Master (PBHS-82)
    • HMCS Cape Shark (PBHS-83)
    • HMCS Cape Orca (PBHS-84)
    • HMCS Cape Defender (PBHS-85)
    • HMCS Cape Walker (PBHS-86)
    • HMCS Cape Challenge (PBHS-87)
    • HMCS Cape Eagle (PBHS-88)
    • HMCS Cape Dolphin (PBHS-89)
    • HMCS Cape Battle (PBHS-90)
  • Harry DeWolf-class Arctic Offshore Patrol Vessel (1, 2 UC, 3 planned) - 2017
    • HMCS Harry DeWolf (AOVP-430)
    • HMCS Margeret Brooke (AOPV-431) - under construction
    • HMCS Max Bernays (AOPV-432) - under construction
    • HMCS William Hall (AOPV-433) - planned for construction
    • HMCS Frédérick Rolette (AOPV-434) - planned for construction
    • HMCS Robert Hampton Gray (AOPV-435) - planned for construction
  • Quest-class Oceanographic Research Vessel (1) - 1969
    • CFAV Quest (AGOR-172)
  • Tillicum-class Tugboat (1) - 1975
    • CFAV Tillicum (YTM 555)
  • Ville-class Naval Tugboat (5) - 1975
    • CFAV Lawrenceville (YTB-590)
    • CFAV Parksville (YTB-591)
    • CFAV Listerville (YTB-592)
    • CFAV Merrickville (YTB-593)
    • CFAV Marysville (YTB-594)
  • Glen-class Naval Tugboat (5) - 1975
    • CFAV Glendyne (YTB-640)
    • CFAV Glendale (YTB-641)
    • CFAV Glenevis (YTB-642)
    • CFAV Glenbrook (YTB-643)
    • CFAV Glenside (YTB-644)
  • Fire-class Fireboat (2) - 1978
    • CFAV Firebird (YTR-561)
    • CFAV Firebrand (YTR-562)

Maritime Command Fleet Air Arm[edit]

Fixed Wing Aircraft[edit]

  • 56 x CF-184C Supercat (Multirole Air Superiority Fighter)
  • 72 x CF-185A Typhoon (Multirole Fighter)
  • 34 x CF-187 Corsair II (Attack Fighter)
  • 8 x CE-2C Hawkeye (Carrier-based Airborne Early Warning Aircraft)
  • 35 x CP-121T Turbo Tracker (Carrier-based Maritime Patrol Aircraft)
  • 25 x CP-140 Aurora (Maritime Patrol Aircraft)
  • 24 x CT-155B Goshawk (Carrier based Trainer Aircraft)
  • 6 x CU-164 Arctic Hawk (Long Range UAV)
  • 5 x CC-172 Greyhound (Carrier-based Transport Aircraft)
  • 12 x CE-188G Growler (Carrier-based Electronic Warfare Aircraft)

Helicopters[edit]

  • 26 x CH-146 Griffon (Utility Helicopter)
  • 24 x CH-147C Chinook (Heavy-lift Helicopter)
  • 48 x CH-148 Cyclone (ASW Helicopter)
  • 16 x CH-149 Comorant (SAR Helicopter)
  • 60 x CH-151 Vulcan (Utility Helicopter)

Future Procurement[edit]

  • The Arctic Offshore Patrol Vessel is a program to build six patrol ships capable of operating in the arctic year round that will be based at the Nanisivik Naval Base. After the Harry DeWolf-class is completed, work will begin on an arctic patrol vessels to complement them.
  • Two nuclear powered aircraft carriers are being constructed to replace HMCS Warrior and expand Canada's power projection capabilities
  • Following the 2015 War with Indonesia, a new class of ten guided missile frigates, derived from the Halifax-class multirole frigates, is being built to complement the remaining Halifax-class frigates and augment the Navy's capabilities.
  • The RCN plans on spending $2.6 billion CAD further upgrading the Halifax-class frigates after 2015 war with Indonesia. The RCN also plans to build a trio of Halifax-class frigates for $1.5 billion CAD to bring the number of ships in the class up to sixteen vessels.
  • A pair of new naval bases at Port Hardy and Sept-Iles are being constructed to make room for future expansion of the Canadian Forces Maritime Command.
  • A new diving support vessel for the Maritime Command is in development to replace the Cormorant.
  • The RCN is considering replacing the E-2 Hawkeye and C-2 Greyhound with carrier based variants of the Viking Air Buffalo NG.
  • The RCN will also procure thirty-six CP-207 Argus II maritime patrol aircraft to replace the aging CP-140 Auroras.

Museum Ships[edit]

  • HMCS Athabaskan (DDH-282) - Vancouver, British Columbia
  • HMCS Bras d'Or (FHE-400) - L'Islet, Quebec
  • HMCS Eagle (CV-23) - Vancouver, British Columbia
  • HMCS Fraser (DDE-233) - Bridgewater, Nova Scotia
  • HMCS Gatineau (DDE-236) - Gatineau, Quebec
  • HMCS Haida (DDE-215) - Hamilton, Ontario
  • HMCS Louisburg (K401) - Louisburg, Nova Scotia
  • HMCS Ojibwa (SS-872) - St. Thomas, Ontario
  • HMCS Okanagan (SS-874) - Victoria, British Columbia
  • HMCS Onondaga (SS-873) - Rimouski, Quebec
  • HMCS Sackville (K181) - Halifax, Nova Scotia
  • HMCS Terra Nova (DDH-259) - St. Johns, Newfoundland and Labrador
  • HMCS Terry Fox (DDH-264) - New Westminster, British Columbia
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