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Bundesmarine

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The naval ensign of the Bundesmarine.
The Bundesmarine (Federal Navy) is the navy of Germany and is part of the unified Bundeswehr (the German Armed Forces). It is deeply integrated into the NATO alliance. Its mission is protection of German and Allied territories as well as peace-keeping and peace enforcement operations.

The Marine traces its roots back to the Reichsflotte (Empire Fleet) of the revolutionary era of 1848 – 52. The Reichsflotte was the first German Navy to sail under the black-red-gold flag. Founded on 14 June 1848 by the orders of the democratically elected Frankfurt Parliament the Reichsflottes brief existence ended with the failure of the revolution and was disbanded on 2 April 1852; thus, the modern Marine celebrates its birthday on 14 June.

From 1945 to 1956, the German Mine Sweeping Administration and its successor organizations, made up of former members of the Kriegsmarine, became something of a transition stage for the Marine, allowing the future Marine to draw on experienced personnel upon its formation. In 1956, with West Germany's accession to NATO, the Marine was formally established. With the reunification of Germany in 1990 the Marine took over the former East German Volksmarine (“People’s Navy”).

Force Structure[edit]

Statistics[edit]

  • Active Duty Personnel: 44,200
  • Reserve Duty Personnel: 22,250
  • Active Vessels: 110
  • Inspekteur der Bundesmarine: Admiral Andreas Krause
  • Stellvertreter des Inspekteurs der Bundesmarine: Vice Admiral Rainer Brinkmann
  • Stabschef: Rear Admiral Klaus von Dambrowski

Active Vessels of the Bundesmarine[edit]

  • Mackensen-class Guided Missile Destroyer (6) - 2005
    • BMS Mackensen (D188)
    • BMS Derflinger (D189)
    • BMS Hindenburg (D190)
    • BMS Moltke (D191)
    • BMS Von der Tann (D192)
    • BMS Goeben (D193)
  • Bremen-class Patrol Frigate (5) - 1982
    • BMS Emden (F210)
    • BMS Köln (F211)
    • BMS Karlsruhe (F212)
    • BMS Augsburg (F213)
    • BMS Lübeck (F214)
  • Brandenburg-class Frigate (4) - 1994
    • BMS Brandenburg (F215)
    • BMS Schleswig-Holstein (F216)
    • BMS Bayern (F217)
    • BMS Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (F218)
  • Sachsen-class Frigate (4) - 2003
    • BMS Sachsen (F219)
    • BMS Hamburg (F220)
    • BMS Hessen (F221)
    • BMS Thüringen (F222)
  • Baden-Württemberg-class Multirole Frigate (1, 3 UC) - 2016
    • BMS Baden-Württemberg (F223)
    • BMS Nordrhein-Westfalen (F224) - fitting out
    • BMS Sachsen-Anhalt (F225) - under construction
    • BMS Rheinland-Pfalz (F226) - under construction
  • MKS-180 class Multirole Frigate (6 planned) - 20XX
    • BMS Unnamed (F230) - planned for construction
    • BMS Unnamed (F231) - planned for construction
    • BMS Unnamed (F232) - planned for construction
    • BMS Unnamed (F233) - planned for construction
    • BMS Unnamed (F234) - planned for construction
    • BMS Unnamed (F235) - planned for construction
  • Braunschweig-class Corvette (5, 5 planned) - 2008
    • BMS Braunschweig (K260)
    • BMS Magdeburg (K261)
    • BMS Erfurt (K262)
    • BMS Oldenburg (K263)
    • BMS Ludwigshafen am Rhein (K264)
    • BMS Unnamed (K265) - planned for construction
    • BMS Unnamed (K266) - planned for construction
    • BMS Unnamed (K267) - planned for construction
    • BMS Unnamed (K268) - planned for construction
    • BMS Unnamed (K269) - planned for construction
  • Type 212-class Hunter Killer Submarine (12) - 2005
    • BMS U-31 (S181)
    • BMS U-32 (S182)
    • BMS U-33 (S183)
    • BMS U-34 (S184)
    • BMS U-35 (S185)
    • BMS U-36 (S186)
    • BMS U-37 (S187)
    • BMS U-38 (S188)
    • BMS U-39 (S189)
    • BMS U-40 (S190)
    • BMS U-41 (S191)
    • BMS U-42 (S192)
  • Barbe-class Utility Landing Craft (2) - 1966
    • BMS Lachs (L762)
    • BMS Schlei (L765)
  • Helgoland-class Tug (2) - 1996
    • BMS Helgoland (A1457)
    • BMS Fehmarn (1458)
  • Wangerooge-class Tug (2) - 1968
    • BMS Wangerooge (A1451)
    • BMS Spiekeroog (A1452)
  • Rhön-class Tanker (2) - 1972
    • BMS Rhön (A1443)
    • BMS Spessart (S1444)
  • Bottsand-class Oil Recovery Ship (2) - 1984
    • BMS Bottsand (Y1643)
    • BMS Eversand (Y1644)
  • Nordstrand-class Tug (6) - 1987
    • BMS Lütje Hörn (Y812)
    • BMS Knechtsand (Y814)
    • BMS Scharhörn (Y815)
    • BMS Vogelsand (Y816)
    • BMS Nordstrand (Y817)
    • BMS Langeness (Y819)
  • Alliance-class Research Vessel (1) - 1988
    • BMS Alliance (A1456)
  • Oste-class Intellegence Ship (3) - 1988
    • BMS Oste (A52)
    • BMS Oker (A53)
    • BMS Alster (A54)
  • Stollergrund-class Trials Ship (5) - 1989
    • BMS Stollergrund (Y863)
    • BMS Mittelgrund (Y864)
    • BMS Kalkgrund (Y865)
    • BMS Breitgrund (Y866)
    • BMS Bant (Y867)
  • Elbe-class Replenishment Oiler (6) - 1993
    • BMS Elbe (A511)
    • BMS Mosel (A512)
    • BMS Rhein (A513)
    • BMS Werra (A514)
    • BMS Main (A515)
    • BMS Donau (A516)
  • Berlin-class Fleet Oiler (2, 2 UC) - 2001
    • BMS Berlin (A1411)
    • BMS Frankfurt am Main (A1412)
    • BMS Bonn (A1413)
    • BMS Dresden (A1414)
  • Planet-class Research Ship (1) - 2005
    • BMS Planet (A1437)
  • Endsdord-class Minesweeper (5) - 1989
    • BMS Pegnitz (M1090)
    • BMS Hameln (M1092)
    • BMS Auerbach/Oberpfalz (M1093)
    • BMS Ensdorf (M1094)
    • BMS Siegburg (M1098)
  • Kulmbach-class Mine Hunter (5) - 1989
    • BMS Kulmbach (M1091)
    • BMS Überherrn (M1095)
    • BMS Passau (M1096)
    • BMS Laboe (M1097)
    • BMS Herten (M1099)
  • Frankenthal-class Minehunter (12) - 1992
    • BMS Fulda (M1058)
    • BMS Weilheim (M1059)
    • BMS Weiden (M1060)
    • BMS Rottweil (M1061)
    • BMS Sulzbach-Rosenberg (M1062)
    • BMS Bad Bevensen (M1063)
    • BMS Grömitz (M1064)
    • BMS Dillingen (M1065)
    • BMS Frankenthal (M1066)
    • BMS Bad Rappenau (M1067)
    • BMS Datteln (M1068)
    • BMS Homburg (M1069)
  • Mühlhausen-class Mine Diving Boat (1) - 1995
    • BMS Mühlhausen (M1052)

Marineflieger[edit]

Future Developments[edit]

  • A first batch of four frigates of the F125 class (Baden-Württemberg-class) specialized for persistent stabilization missions is planned to replace all eight Bremen-class guided-missile frigates. They are expected to enter service between 2016 and 2018.
  • Six medium surface combat ships are planned under the name Mehrzweckkampfschiff 180 (MKS 180), a multi-mission frigate.
  • Five additional Braunschweig-class corvettes will be procured from 2019–2023.
  • Four more Type 212A submarines will be procured within the next decade.
  • Eighteen more NH90 NFH Helicopters ordered to replace Lynx in ASW/AsuW role, originally ordered by the German Army as NH90 TTH variant.
  • Sixteen Medium Sized Helicopters are planned to replace the current 22 Sea King helicopters of Naval Air Wing 5 in SAR & ship-based Transport Role (VertRep).
  • Integration of the German Navy Marines (Seebatallion) in the Netherlands Marine Corps and use of the Amphibious ships of the Royal Netherlands Navy such as the Joint Support Ship HNLMS Karel Doorman (A833) as of 2016.
  • In May 2013 it was announced by both Ministers of Defence that the German- & Dutch Navy agreed to integrate submarine operations, training and design for future replacements.
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