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Brazilian Navy

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The Brazilian Navy (Portuguese: Marinha do Brasil) is the naval service branch of the Brazilian Armed Forces, responsible for conducting naval operations. The Brazilian Navy is the largest navy in South America, and the second largest navy in the Americas, after the United States Navy. The prefix for Brazilian warships is NRB (Navio do República Brasileiro).

The largest vessels in the Brazilian Navy are the NRB São Paulo and NRB Brasilia, a pair of 36,800-ton aircraft carriers, formerly the Foch and Clemenceau of the French Navy. The Brazilian Navy's tonnage also consists of a French-built cruiser, British-built frigates, locally built corvettes, coastal diesel-electric submarines and many other river and coastal patrol craft, among other vehicles.

The navy was involved in Brazil's war of independence from Portugal. Most of the Portugal's naval forces bases in South America were transferred to the newly independent country. In the initial decades following independence, the country maintained a large naval force and the navy was later involved in the Cisplatine War, the River Plate conflicts, the Paraguayan War as well as other sporadic rebellions that marked Brazilian history.

By the 1880s the Brazilian Navy was the most powerful in South America. After the 1893 naval rebellion, there was a hiatus in the development of the navy until 1905, when Brazil acquired two of the most powerful and advanced dreadnoughts of the day which sparked dreadnought race with Brazil's South American neighbours. The Brazilian Navy participated in both World War I and World War II, engaging in anti-submarine patrols in the Atlantic.

Modernization[edit]

In 2003, the Brazilian government purchased the French aircraft carrier Clemenceau and cruiser Colbert. With help from the Canadian Forces, the two ships were extensively rebuilt and upgraded. The Brasilia and Republica entered service in late 2006. Soon afterwards, the Sao Paulo was sent into dock to receive the same rebuild and upgrades that the Brasilia got.

In August 2008 the Navy incorporated the corvette Barroso, which was designed and built in Brazil at a cost of $263 million. In August 2012 the Navy requested four new ships based on the Barroso class but redesigned using a stealth design.

In 2009 Brazil purchased 4 Scorpène-class submarines for US$ 9.9 billion with a massive technology transfer agreement. In a second agreement, France will provide technical assistance to Brazil so that Brazil can design and produce indigenous nuclear-powered submarines, to be completely built in Brazil.

The Department of Defense of Brazil, in 2009 also asked the Brazilian Navy to develop a plan for the next thirty years. To carry out the plans of power projection that Brazil wants to run, the expenditure will cost more than US$ 138 billion, within the Navy alone. The program is called PEAMB. The strategy is to buy or build 2 aircraft carriers (45,000 tonnes), 4 LHD (22,500 tonnes), 30 escort ships, 15 submarines, 5 nuclear submarines and 62 (patrol ships).

The PROSUPER program plans to acquire, firstly, five new 6,000 tons frigates, five new OPV and one LSV.

In January 2012 BAE Systems contracted to supply three patrol vessels that were Port of Spain-class corvettes. The contract is worth £133m. The ocean patrol vessels are already built, originally ordered by the government of Trinidad and Tobago in a contract which was terminated in 2010. The first vessel was commissioned at the end of June 2012, the second was scheduled for December 2012 and the last in April 2013.

In March 2014, the Brazilian Navy announced plans to domestically build an aircraft carrier. It is to enter service in 15 years, with the São Paulo to be modernized until its introduction. The carrier will likely be based on an existing project and be built with a foreign partner. French company DCNS has a strong presence in Brazil and is already engaged in building five submarines and a naval base in the country. The company has been showcasing their DEAC Aircraft Carrier project based on the Charles de Gaulle carrier's design and aviation systems including launching conventional take-off aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicle integration, advanced conventional propulsion, and platform stabilization systems. American company General Dynamics is marketing their Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System (EMALS) to Brazil.

Force Structure[edit]

Statistics[edit]

  • Active Duty Personnel: 75,000
  • Reserve Personnel: 38,600
  • Active Bases: 14
  • Active Vessels: 112
  • Active Naval Fixed-Wing Aircraft: 190
  • Active Naval Helicopters: 96
  • Commander in Chief: President Dilma Rousseff
  • Commander of the Navy: Admiral Júlio Soares de Moura Neto
  • Commander of the Aeronaval Force: Rear Admiral Nelson Garrone Palma Velloso

List of Vessels[edit]

  • Clemenceau-class Aircraft Carrier (2) - 2000
  • Ceará-class (Thomastan class) Dock Landing Ship (1) - 1991
    • NRB Ceará (G30) - former USS Hermitage (LSD-34)
  • Newport-class Tank Landing Ship (1) - 2002
    • NRB Mattoso Maia (G28)
  • Round Table-class Logistics Landing Ship (2) - 2009
    • NRB Almirante Saboia (G25) - former RFA Sir Bedivere (L3004)
    • NRB Garcia D'Avila (G29) - former RFA Sir Galahad (L3005)
  • Bahia-class (Foudre class) Landing Platform Dock (1) - 2015
    • NRB Bahia (G40) - former MN Siroco (L9012)
  • Colbert-class Guided Missile Cruiser (1) - 2006
  • Niterói-class Frigate (7) - 1975
    • NRB Niteroi (F40)
    • NRB Defensora (F41)
    • NRB Constituição (F42)
    • NRB Liberal (F43)
    • NRB Independência (F44)
    • NRB União (F45)
    • NRB Brasil (F46)
  • Type 22 Frigate (4) - 1997
    • NRB Greenhalgh (F47) - former HMS Broadsword (F88)
    • NRB Dodsworth (F48) - former HMS Brilliant (F90)
    • NRB Rademaker (F49) - former HMS Battleaxe (F89)
    • NRB Bosísio (F50) - former HMS Brazen (F91)
  • Inhaúma-class Corvette (4) - 1989
    • NRB Inhaúma (V30)
    • NRB Jaceguai (V31)
    • NRB Júlio de Noronha (V32)
    • NRB Frontin (V33)
  • Barasso-class Corvette (1) - 2008
  • Tupi-class (Type 209/1400) Submarine (6) - 1989
    • NRB Tupi (S-30)
    • NRB Tamoio (S-31)
    • NRB Timbira (S-32)
    • NRB Tapajos (S-33)
    • NRB Tikuna (S-34)
    • NRB Tapuia (S-35)
  • Sirius-class Research Vessel (1) - 1958
    • NRB Sirius (H21)
  • Marajo-class Tanker (1) - 1968
    • NRB Marajo (G27)
  • Paraguassú-class River Transport Ship (1) - 1972
    • NRB Paraguassú (G15)
  • Almirante Guilhem-class Salvage Tug (2) - 1976
    • NRB Almirante Guilhem (R24)
    • NRB Almirante Guillobel (R25)
  • Almirante Graça Aranha-class Light vessel (1) - 1976
    • NRB Almirante Graça Aranha (H34)
  • Felinto Perry-class Submarine Rescue Ship (1) - 1979
    • NRB Felinto Perry (K11)
  • Faroleiro Mário Seixas-class Light vessel (1) - 1979
    • NRB Faroleiro Mário Seixas (H26)
  • Aspirante Nascimento-class Auxiliary Vessel (3) - 1980
    • NRB Aspirante Nascimento (U10)
    • NRB Guarda-Marinha Jansen (U11)
    • NRB Guarda-Marinha Brito (U12)
  • Ary Rongel-class Icebreaker (1) - 1981
    • NRB Ary Rongel (H44)
  • Comandante Varella-class Light vessel (4) - 1982
    • NRB Comandante Varella (H18)
    • NRB Tenente Castelo (H19)
    • NRB Comandante Manhães (H20)
    • NRB Tenente Boanerges (H25)
  • Piraim-class River Transport Ship (1) - 1982
    • NRB Piraim (U29)
  • Almirante Hess-class Torpedo Recovery Craft (1) - 1983
    • NRB Almirante Hess (U-30)
  • Oswaldo Cruz-class River Hospital Ship (2) - 1984
    • NRB Oswaldo Cruz (U18)
    • NRB Carlos Chagas (U19)
  • Antares-class Oceanographic Research Vessel (1) - 1984
    • NRB Antares (H40)
  • Argus-class Oceanographic Research Vessel (3) - 1986
    • NRB Amorim do Valle (H35)
    • NRB Taurus (H36)
    • NRB Garnier Sampaio (H37)
  • Triunfo-class Salvage Tug (3) - 1987
    • NRB Tritão (R21)
    • NRB Tridente (R22)
    • NRB Triunfo (R23)
  • Alte. Gastão Motta-class Tanker (1) - 1991
    • NRB Almirante Gastão Motta (G23)
  • Potengi-class River Tank Ship (1) - 1996
    • NRB Potengi (G17)
  • Cisne Branco-class Sailing Frigate (1) - 1999
    • NRB Cisne Branco (U20)
  • Doutor Montenegro-class River Hospital Ship (1) - 2001
    • NRB Doutor Montenegro (U17)
  • Para-class Auxiliary Vessel (1) - 2005
    • NRB Pará (U15)
  • Cruzeiro do Sul-class Oceanographic Research Vessel (1) - 2008
    • NRB Cruzeiro do Sul (H38)
  • Tenente Maximiano-class River Hospital Ship (1) - 2009
    • NRB Tenente Maximiano (U28)
  • Almirante Maximiano-class Icebreaker (1) - 2009
    • NRB Almirante Maximiano (H41)
  • Aspirante Moura-class Auxiliary Vessel (1) - 2010
    • NRB Aspirante Moura (U14)
  • Aratu-class Patrol Boat (6) - 1971
    • NRB Aratu (M15)
    • NRB Anhatomirim (M16)
    • NRB Atalaia (M17)
    • NRB Araçatuba (M18)
    • NRB Abrolhos (M19)
    • NRB Albardão (M20)
  • Piratini-class Patrol Boat (5) - 1972
    • NRB Piratini (P10)
    • NRB Pirajá (P11)
    • NRB Pampeiro (P12)
    • NRB Paratí (P13)
    • NRB Penedo (P14)
    • NRB Potí (P15)
  • Grajaú-class Patrol Boat (12) - 1993
    • NRB Grajaú (P40)
    • NRB Guaíba (P41)
    • NRB Graúna (P42)
    • NRB Goiana (P43)
    • NRB Guajará (P44)
    • NRB Guapore (P45)
    • NRB Gurupá (P46)
    • NRB Gurupi (P47)
    • NRB Guanabara (P48)
    • NRB Guarujá (P49)
    • NRB Guaratuba (P50)
    • NRB Gravataí (P51)
  • Bracuí-class Patrol Boat Minesweeper (4) - 1998
    • NRB Bracuí (P60)
    • NRB Benevente (P61)
    • NRB Bocaína (P62)
    • NRB Babitonga (P63)
  • Marlim-class Patrol Vessel (6) - 2006
    • NRB Marlim (LP-01)
    • NRB Barracuda(LP-02)
    • NRB Dourado (LP-03)
    • NRB Albacora (LP-04)
    • NRB Anequim (LP-05)
    • NRB Pargo (LP-06)
  • Macaé-class Patrol Vessel (7) - 2009
    • NRB Macaé (P70)
    • NRB Macau (P71)
    • NRB Maracanã (P72)
    • NRB Maragogipe (P73)
    • NRB Miramar (P74)
    • NRB Mangaratiba (P75)
    • NRB Mostardas (P76)
  • Amazonas-class Offshore Patrol Vessel (7) - 2012
    • NRB Amazonas (P120)
    • NRB Apa (P121)
    • NRB Araguari (P122)
    • NRB Amapari (P123)
    • NRB Aiuruoca (P124)
    • NRB Alcântara (P125)
    • NRB Amandaú (P126)

Aeronaval Force[edit]

Fixed Wing Aircraft[edit]

Helicopters[edit]

List of Bases[edit]

  • Rio de Janeiro:
    • "Base Naval Almirante Castro e Silva", submarine base
    • "Base Naval do Rio de Janeiro", main naval base
    • "Arsenal da Marinha do Rio de Janeiro", naval shipyard
    • "Base Aérea Naval de São Pedro da Aldeia", naval aviation base
    • "Base de Fuzileiros Navais da Ilha do Governador", marine corps base
    • "Base de Fuzileiros Navais da Ilha das Flores", marine corps base
    • "Base de Fuzileiros Navais do Rio Meriti", marine corps base
  • Bahia:
    • "Base Naval de Aratu", naval base and repair facility
  • Rio Grande do Norte:
    • "Base Naval de Natal", naval base
    • "Base Naval Almirante Ary Parreiras", naval base and repair facility
  • Pará:
    • "Base Naval de Val-de-Cães", naval base and repair facility
  • Mato Grosso do Sul:
    • "Base Fluvial de Ladário", riverine naval aviation base, riverine naval base and repair facility
  • Amazonas:
    • "Estação Naval do Rio Negro", riverine naval base and repair facility
  • Rio Grande do Sul:
    • "Estação Naval do Rio Grande", naval base

Future Vessels[edit]

  • Tamandaré-class Corvette (4) - 2021
    • NRB Tamandaré (V35)
    • NRB Jerônimo de Albuquerque (V36)
    • NRB Cunha Moreira (V37)
    • NRB Mariz e Barros (V38)
  • Scorpene-class Submarines (2 UC, 3 planned) - 2020
    • NRB Riachuelo (S40) - under construction
    • NRB Humaitá (S41) - under construction
    • NRB Tonelero (S42) - planned for construction
    • NRB Angostura (S43) - planned for construction
    • NRB Guanabara (S44) - planned for construction
  • Álvaro Alberto-class Nuclear Attack Submarine (3) - 2023-2025
    • NRB Álvaro Alberto (SN10)
    • NRB Unnamed (SN11)
    • NRB Unnamed (SN12)
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